The Negative impact of Abolition of Slavery

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History 312

October 26, 2015                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The Negative impact of Abolition of Slavery

The period 1607-1865 to the America social development was the foundation for the past slave and slavery activities. During this period, slaves were brought in from many areas, especially Africa, for sale, Slavery was allowed and even supported seeing that these events were perceived as free labor since the slave owners were not paying for the labor they offered in the extensive cotton fields and other plantations. According, to Goldin, Gavin Wright argued that the world would demand more cotton. However, cotton grew much slower after the Civil War than before and the world economy was the cause of the relative poverty of the post-bellum south. (988). This means that the areas in America colonies had to measure slave and the roles that they played in the community which could not be ignored because it featured prominently in the economy of the regions. However, to understand the nature of slavery and the effect of roles in the economy, it is important to say the nature of slavery as it applied in this period and the mode of application that was taken up the analyst of slavery needs to be done in the intended application and not the actual application that was later adopted. Despite banning of slavery being essential in the establishment of a liberal culture, abolition had a negative impact on the American economy.

Between the period of 1620 and the year 1640 was when the most English colonist traveled to the Americas (MacFarlane 114).  Many of the visitors became indentured servants towards the end of the 18th century, Southern farmers experienced considerable exhaustion in respect to the growth of tobacco (Beckert 405).  In America, slaves were brought back in from far places, mostly in Africa, to work in the plantations for the various economic reasons that were vital to the American economy. Originally, indentured servants were brought in to offer assistance in exchange for a place to live and sense of livelihood. The issue of pay did not initially arise since the assumptions was that they were liberated from the poverty of the African continent and offered work and livelihood   in this new area. This directly means that what they could do to show their gratitude was offer the labor free; however, this had a business and sinister motive and approach at the same time. These slaves offered free labor, and they were misused and abused in the course of their service as means to cut down on cost of their maintenance while increasing the output from these farms (Davis 181).

The quest to have the abolishment of slavery and slave trade resulted in wars. The country that destroyed the economy further (Weiman 74). The period of 1607-1865 saw the rise and increase of instances of slaves running away and disappearing to join rebellious movements in the north. The disappearance of the slaves was enough since it reduced the available workforce in the plantations and thus, reduced the output. Secondly, when the runaways slaves came back as part of a rebellion, it resulted in the Civil War between the proslavery and antislavery and movements (Conlanis and Stanley 68). It is too important to note that while slavery was largely seen as a white versus black issue, at the point of the war to foster the abolition, there were many whites in the fight against slavery. These wars destabilized the regions and areas by bringing about the fight relentlessly to the region, the destruction of property and even the plantations where the slaves formally worked (Conlanis and Stanley 71).

 

 

Indentured servants and transition to slavery

The need for physical labor would later force Indentured servants and transition to slavery. Since there were hard working conditions and high mortality rates among workers farming on plantations, many owners wanted to have very inexpensive labor; this was the reason that made hiring and indenturing people.  To pay them to work was more expensive and gave rise to African American slave labor, which started taking place in the middle of the XVII Century (Galenson, 11). At the very beginning indentured laborers worked and were paid as skilled workers but there was no need to use them when newly taken slaves who worked for free could only do their job (12).  So the main reason for slavery was the landlord’s wish to earn more money, without thinking about other people’s lives, health, dignity and freedom. One of the important aspects that established the longevity of the slavery in the respective historical time was involving the production of cotton in the region economy. Furthermore, African American slaves in the 17th and 18th century took part in indigo, rice, sugarcane, and cotton and tobacco plantations in the South. Also, after the occurrence of the American Revolution, which started because the thirteen the colonies didn’t want them to be under monarchy aristocracy of Great Brittan, from 1775 to 1783, colonist mostly based in the north connected the suppression of slaves with slaves to the repressive state that they experienced under the British. The outcome called for the abolition of slavery and became more popular, especially within the northern region. Additionally, despite the culmination of the armed struggle and the gravity of slavery, the novel American Constitution readily recognized the existence of the institution by counting the slaves laborers as 3/5 of, individual for taxation purposes and representation within the congress. Furthermore, the respective Constitution guaranteed the right for owners to repose any individual legally accustomed to labor or service (Burton 67).

Indentured servants were the first means towards meeting the labor gap in tobacco production. Towards the end of the 18th century, Southern farmers experienced considerable exhaustion in respect to the growth of tobacco. Tobacco farming was labor intensive because the plant required vast amounts of land to produce on large scale. Without slavery, tobacco farmers could not source the required amounts of human labor. The economic crises within the region as well as doubts concerning the development of slavery in the country brought about new concerns for tobacco farmers. At the same time, England also underwent a massive transformation based on the automation of it textile sector. This alteration would create a significant the need for cotton grown in American. Similar efforts aimed at mechanization were in the United States evidence including the development of the cotton gin Eli Whitney (Richter 102). The increased demand for cotton facilitated the growth of slavery in the South due to the simplicity of Whitney’s cotton gin. This increased the need for production, which required even more slaves. Despite the north’s opposition of the investment in slave labor, most businesspersons based in the region accumulated wealth as an outcome of the investments and slave trade attributed to slave plantations (Richter 103). The purchase of slaves was an economic feasible approach by tobacco farmers especially given how the plant exhausted land. As long as human labor was present in slaves, tobacco remained a feasible economic trade.

 

The Role of Slavery in the Economy

            From a business and economic perspective, the arrangements of owning slaves were ideal; there were limited cost and commitments from the side of business owners. Therefore, when slavery was abolished, this business died within a very short time (Engerman 329). This is in the understanding that slavery was neither violent nor degrading, but simply the using of slaves brought from other areas free labor in the business.

What is celebrated much from the use of the slaves in the cotton farming was the level of production that they did. Slavery in Negro labour was the main factor behind the agricultural gains. This is because Black workers developed planting skills over the years meaning cotton farming was able to be of high quality and quantity. Black slaves did not own land, hence cotton farms were the only avenues where they could use and improve their skills meaning the plantation was at the same time maximizing the output level. Through this, it was hard labor that was expected of the slaves and the owners expected nothing less than increased profits. It should be stated that the slaves, especially from Africa were in high demand because they could cope with the climate and consequently, ensure that the supply was high. Hereafter, the slaves had to put the effort into agriculture since their masters claimed that that they had paid some amounts and that one was to live as per the tag. A personal contribution elevated the level of economic developments as agricultural as products expanded products the level of exchange (Goldin 67). Moreover, the master’s degree of interaction with other merchants was elevated. That turn brought new commodities from the trade. However, it should be stated that all these efforts were nothing to the slaves. Their master continued to degrade them despite of the skills they produced and the help that they did to help them enjoy farming.

The Slave Abolition Act of 1833 gave slaves an avenue to work out their freedom with their masters. Masters could work the cost in losing a slave and bill the amount either in money or labor hours. In cases where free slaves did not leave, they demanded to be paid for their inputs directly increased the cost of production of the products and plantations in which worked (Weiman 86). The abolition of slavery was supported by the development of these changes in the economy and the environment (Brace 21). The economy the abolition of slavery had the biggest effect due to the dual aspects of increased cost and reduced presence of labor.

What led up to Revolutionary war and the constitution? Why are colonists free but not blacks?

The major cause of the Revolutionary War arose when the American Colonial society rejected heavy taxation from the British parliament those that established antislavery movement were treated brutally, until Washington took over as the president in 1776. The origin of the US government was myriad of challenges with colonists as the major problem. The patriots destroyed the tax consignment of British parliament that were in place. This resulted from the scramble for the land and fight against the huge tax charges imposed on the consignment of colonial goods. Colonists were upset that their goods were being taxed, but they had no representation in Parliament. The idea initiated the colonists to want to have peace and form an independent state. At the time, abolitionists and slaves pointed out that if colonists wanted to be free, why blacks should be any different. In fact, one tactic the British used was allowing slaves that fought for them to receive their freedom at the end of the war. Washington had not wanted to allow blacks into the army, but was forced to because he lacked the manpower without the blacks. (Brace 21) However, the Constitution did not protect blacks after the war or give them the freedom they were promised by the colonists. Due to racism, many of black Americans fled, while the men who remained passed through different tribulations and harassment. Slavery became the subject of the revolutionary war. Slavery was at the core of the revolution because the British and American societies were changing from classical to liberal values. Gradual change was because not all Americans were on board with liberal ideals because they understood of the adverse economic effects abolition of slavery will have on the economy. In 1823, President Monroe declared that the American colonist were no more subject to the colonization. It was a remarkable step to the end revolutionary war in the U.S. The struggle for the constitution after independence played a significant role in curbing the issue of slavery. Black Americans faced a lot of harassment and rebellion due to their resistance to support the colonist, for instance in Virginia, Richmond and the followers endured death for protecting against slaver in 1800 (Welch). The formation of the government was very successful eventually, through faced by road backs at various points.

 

Amendment of the Constitution

However, it would not be until The Civil War that blacks would no longer be slaves. The efforts that were aimed at the abolition of slavery, including the words and lobbying attempts all culminated to a very costly practice the institution of new and more appropriate laws and constitutional amendments against practice of slavery (Engerman 321). These constitutional amendments in 1865 were passed to accommodate the grievances and complaints of antislavery movements. However, they also came at a cost. The committee that was charged with the development of the constitution amendments underwent a lot of trouble and cost that were a burden to the country these costs were high and had a negative impact on the country economy since they were supposed to be accommodative and application of all the regions that were suffering of had suffered the blunt of slavery (Engerman 321). Therefore, the cost, economic constraints and effect they had in the business practices all resulted from the institution, drifting and implementing of the required laws and amendments to the constitution was very high and required a substantial input from the investment that would have been made in the other areas of the economy.

Conclusion

The efforts towards a new society free if slaves and slave had struggles (Kaye 1). Therefore  abolishment movement emerged in the north at the society then became divided through this opened a new chapter to human right who felt the slave trade was against their culture, and had not presented itself before a new beginning. To be specific, the Negros in the Southern states were against the presumption that they had no rights over themselves and what they had to do. The court cases and decisions were against their effort. At one time the ruling reflected racial reflected racial prejudice as no black person ever won a case. These decisions made the blacks bitter, and they felt that it was a new chapter in life to make sure would be eliminated and that they had a new breath land life to celebrate.

Generally, the history of the United States does not only narrate of a society with continuous unity, but one with several instances of division. The history of the development of the slave trade slavery and its abortion shows some negative impacts. It is clear that the whole process and development of trade created a new ways of life. It was important for society especially the blacks or the Negros to find ways of eliminating the negative impact. Despite capture of liberal values in abolishment of slavery, certain aspects of the American society still encourage continuation of the oppressive codes giving the Western country an inconsistent social growth.

Through the act of slavery was present it was particularly concentrated in American in the South such as Virginia and Alabama, which were involved in the facilitation of slavery. Although the slaves were bought to promote the economic growth through their efforts in the plantation it turned out that they had to ensure misery and struggles. Moreover, despite the fact that the lobbyist group called to the end of the continued violations of the slave’s right nothing seemed to change. Although the slaves had a determination of a new life it was to their unfortunate that their demand could not be met and therefore increased abolishment movement. Slavery was wrong because it was against the constitution. Additionally, it important to say that those affected the need to liberate them and limits the essence of continued struggles and demand based on their color.

Works Cited

Beckert, Sven. “Emancipation and Empire: Reconstructing the World Web of Cotton Production in the Age of the American Civil War”. American Historical Review109.5 (2004):1405-1438.American: History and life with full Text.Web.24 Oct.2015

Bessler,John D.”Revising Beccarla’s Vision: The Englightment, Americas Death Penalty, and the Abolition Movement. “Northwestern Journal of Law and Social Policy 4.2(2009):195-328, Name of data base (Ital).Web.24 Oct.2015

Ccalasoclanis, Peter A., Stanley Engerman,” Would Slavery Have Survived Without the Civil War? Economic Factors in American South during the Antebellum and Post bellum Eras “Southern Cultures 19.2(2013):66-90 Web.24 Oct.2015

Engerman, Stanley L “Slavery and Emancipation in Comparative Perspective: A look at Some Recent Debates.”The Journal of Economic History 46.2 (1986):317-339, Web.24 Oct. 2015.

Foner, Eric, Give me Liberty: An American History. New York: Norton, 2005, Print

Goldin, Claudia Dale.”The Economics of Emancipation” The Journal of Economic History 33.01(1973):66-85 Web. 24 Oct.2015

Kaye, Mike. “Over 200 years of campaigning against slavery, Anti-slavery International. N.P 2005.

Weiman, David. “The Emancipation of The Non-Slaving holding Class: Upcountry Farmers in the Georgia Cotton Economy. “The Journal Economic History 45.01(1985):71-9324 Oct.2015

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/freedom/history.html

 

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