Prevention and Treatment Consequences of Infectious Diseases

Prevention and Treatment Consequences of Infectious Diseases


Prevention and Treatment Consequences of Infectious Diseases

Although the relevant authorities within the regional and centralized administrations in various regions of the world have formulated appropriate measures to suppress infectious ailments in the society, this health aspect is still a major challenge in the attainment of the millennium development goals. Not only do infectious diseases increase the mortality and morbidity rates in different countries but this issue also has a major impact on the national budget of these zones. Accordingly, a large number of medical institutions have been conducting detailed research programs with the main intent of identifying resources and methods of preventing or treating various infectious diseases. This is because most of these illnesses require different management strategies depending on the advancement level. In addition to the intervention of medical experts, policy makers ought to intervene in solving this problem by formulating and facilitating the implementation process of the identified strategies.

One of the outcomes of practical prevention strategies involves the reduction of the required resources in the treatment models in addition to an increase in its marginal benefits. This is because most of these prevention models are applicable to a large portion of the population. For example, the medical technique used in the prevention of polio is less costly as compared to the amount of resources required to treat the ailment at advanced stages (Conte, 2002). One of the practical and less costly measures that would aid in preventing this ailment involves vaccination programs that target children. Not only will it reduce the resources utilized by the relevant authorities but it will also lessen the impacts of the disease at advanced stages. This includes paralysis of one’s limbs and the resources required to treat the medical condition.

Another major consequence of the prevention and treatment models of infectious diseases involves their effectiveness in adjusting the existing social and legal systems. This is applicable for infectious ailments that relate to national or global laws. For instance, the use of preventive models aimed at suppressing infectious diseases, which relate to drug abuse is a suitable approach of promoting certain social values while addressing legal issues such a drug trafficking and misuse. To start with, the use of public educational forums will not only aid in reducing HIV/AIDS infections among addicts but it will also enlighten the drug users on other dangers of engaging in such habits. Subsequently, this will aid the national authorities in dealing with the massive problem of drug trafficking in addition to the promotion of social values (McIntyre & Newell, 2000).

Moreover, most of the models established to deal with infectious diseases intertwine in terms of their preventive and curative aspects. This is because of such factors as their development stages as well as the process involved in its detection. For example, respiratory ailments such as tuberculosis may occur due to unhygienic conditions as well as congestion in public amenities. In such cases, the relevant authorities should use preventive measures aimed at decongesting these areas (Gorbach, Bartlett, Blacklow & Ovid Technologies, 2004) In addition, treatment through appropriate medical measures will reduce the transmission of the disease to other people.

In conclusion, preventive and curative models used to deal with infectious diseases have a close connection and have significant impacts on various systems at a personal and societal level. In addition, the complexities involved in the effective implementation of these measures require the involvement of medical practitioners, policy makers, and the general population in reducing the prevalence of such illnesses.



Conte, J. E. (2002). Manual of antibiotics and infectious diseases: Treatment and prevention. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Gorbach, S. L., Bartlett, J. G., Blacklow, N. R., & Ovid Technologies, Inc. (2004). Infectious diseases. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

McIntyre, J., & Newell, M.-L. (2000). Congenital and perinatal infections: Prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Cambridge [England: Cambridge University Press.



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