Policemen of the World

Policemen of the World

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Policemen of the World

Thesis Statement

The involvement of the US government in the killing of Osama Bin Laden and the ousting of Muammar Gaddafi shows that the nation’s position as a global hegemony places it in a unique position to shape the course of international politics as well as the internal proceedings of sovereign nations.

Justification of Thesis Statement

For a long time, the United States government has found itself involved in various international incidences around the world. The nation’s position as a global hegemony means that events occurring in different parts of the world will always be of interest to the US government due to the possible outcomes of such incidents. The country’s position as a global hegemony means that it has the power to influence global politics as well as internal issues of independent states. Muammar Gaddafi’s ousting during the Arab Spring is testament to the US’s power to influence the domestic politics of a nation, as the foreign intervention provided crucial support to the rebels who made the regime change possible. Alternatively, the killing of Osama Bin Laden (leader of a transnational terrorist group and a wanted man in several countries in the world) showed the weight that the country bears in global politics and proceedings.

Outline

Determine two international events from the past five years that can be traced back to a foreign policy created after the civil war.

    1. The ousting of President Muammar Gaddafi in Libya is an incident that can be connected to America’s foreign policy since the civil war. President Gaddafi was ousted following an uprising in Libya that was part of the Arab Spring that swept over North Africa and the Middle East between 2010 and 2013. In 2011, foreign forces led by the United States supported the rebels as they ousted Muammar Gaddafi (Schmidt, 2013).
    2. Another international incident involving the US in the last five years is the killing of Al-Qaeda leader, Osama Bin Laden. Bin Laden had been the most wanted man in the United States for more than a decade after his group claimed responsibility for the 9/11 terror attacks. In 2011, the US sent troops into Abbottabad, Pakistan where they killed Bin Laden (Rosati & Scott, 2014).

List three aspects of US history since 1865 that has led to the US’s rise as a world super power policeman.

    1. The US’s victory in the Second World War is one aspect that helped the nation become a global hegemony. The victory left the country in an advantageous position over its European rivals, both economically and militarily (Brown, 2012).
    2. Another aspect that helped the United States become a super power was its emergence as the victorious side in the Cold War with the USSR (United Soviet Socialist Republics). For most of the Cold War, the USSR was able to match the United States in political and military might. After the Soviet Union collapsed, the US government became the single most powerful country in the world (Brown, 2012).
    3. Certain political and economic ideals within the United States also helped the nation become a global hegemony and moral authority. Principles such as human rights, democracy and free markets helped the US develop rapidly while also influencing other nations positively and creating allies for itself (Brown, 2012).

List three international incidents since World War II where America has taken on a policing role.

    1. One international incident in which the United States government took on a policing role is the Somali Civil War. Following the ousting of President Siad Barre in 1991, Somalia descended into a state of chaos that resulted in a humanitarian crisis as thousands of Somali people faced the threat of starvation. The United States government opted to intervene and help to resolve the crisis in Operation Restore Hope (Schmidt, 2013).
    2. The Bosnia and Kosovo crisis is another incident in which the United States became involved in a policing role. The Bosnia-Kosovo crisis started in the Balkan wars that were triggered by the collapse of the state of Yugoslavia. A UN force deployed in the region was unable to stop the violence, prompting President Clinton to send American troops to the area in 1995 in a bid to end the violation of human rights and the widespread violence (Rosati & Scott, 2014).
    3. The US also played a policing role in the Indochina War. During the war, the government sent troops to Vietnam to stop communist forces from the North from taking over the country (Rosati & Scott, 2014).

List three driving forces that fueled international policy decisions involving the international incidents you outlined previously

    1. The war on terror was one foreign policy decision that influenced the US’s decision-making process in international incidents. The campaign saw the US send forces to the Middle East in Iraq and Afghanistan ultimately resulting in the killing of Osama Bin Laden (Rosati & Scott, 2014).
    2. Another foreign policy decision that led to US involvement in international decisions is the nation’s membership of the NATO alliance. The alliance was heavily involved in the process of ousting Muammar Gaddafi from Libya and the United States active involvement in NATO saw the country take part in the intervention (Schmidt, 2013).
    3. The US’s position as a moral authority also forces it to intervene in different crisis to avert human suffering (Brown, 2012).

 

Final Draft

Since the end of the Second World War, the United States has found itself at the forefront of global politics. Different incidents around the world have involved the global hegemony in one way or another as the United States government has found itself in the middle of various crises or forced to participate in their resolution. Through these incidents and crises, the prestige of the United States has risen globally among some countries as its infamy grows within other states (Brown, 2012). Recently, the United States has been actively in the War on Terror campaign in the Middle East and in the politics surrounding the Arab Spring. Some aspects of the two campaigns have been positive while others have been negative for the US both domestically and internationally. The involvement of the US government in the killing of Osama Bin Laden and the ousting of Muammar Gaddafi shows that the nation’s position as a global hegemony places it in a unique position to shape the course of international politics as well as the internal proceedings of sovereign nations.

In the past five years, the United States has been involved in several foreign events related to its foreign policy. One of those events was the killing of Osama Bin Laden in Pakistan by US forces. Bin Laden was at the time one of the world’s most wanted men due to his leadership of Al-Qaeda, a terrorist group responsible for attacks in several countries around the world. After US troops killed Bin Laden in 2011, there was controversy inside the country as human rights activists questioned the legality of killing a person without giving him or her a chance at a fair trial (Rosati & Scott, 2014). Internationally, the relationship the mission soured the relationship between the US and Pakistani governments, with the latter arguing that the operation violated their sovereign rights. Another US intervention that was marred with controversy was the operation to enforce a naval blockade and no-fly zone over Libya during the Arab Spring (Schmidt, 2013). After the rebellion against Muammar Gaddafi started, human rights groups alleged that troops loyal to the president were using indiscriminate force against civilians in the nation. These allegations prompted a NATO intervention led by the US, which ultimately led to Gaddafi’s removal from power. Similar to the situation in Pakistan, the Libyan government (and several African heads of state) decried the intervention arguing that it violated Libya’s sovereignty (Schmidt, 2013).

The rise of the United States into a global hegemony took place after the Second World War. Several factors aided this process. The victory of the Allied forces during the Second World War was one of the factors that turned the US into a global hegemony. After the war, most of Europe had been destroyed and the governments in the continent were economically and politically weak (Brown, 2012). The US emerged from the conflict as the strongest nation in the world. Another aspect that turned the US into a global hegemony was the nation’s victory over the USSR during the Cold War. After the end of the Second World War, the Soviet Union emerged as the other global power. The USSR challenged the dominance of the United States in many areas, increasing tensions between the two powers (Brown, 2012). Towards the war’s end, the Soviet Union collapsed and the US remained as the world’s only global hegemony. The collapse of the USSR left the US as the strongest country, both financially and militarily, thus cementing its position as a superpower (Brown, 2012). The political and economic ideals that the United States adopted after the Second World War also helped the nation become a global hegemony. The United States had been a democracy with a free market for a long time, but these factors became crucial after the Second World War. After the war, the US took advantage of globalization to expand its economy through trade with the world and become an economic superpower (Brown, 2012).

After becoming a superpower, the United States found itself in a position where it was obliged to exercise its moral authority over the rest of the world. This resulted in a number of military interventions. A good example of these interventions is the Vietnam War, where the government sent troops to halt the surge of communist forces from the North to the South (Brown, 2012). The United States also exercised its moral authority in Africa when its troops reported to Somalia on a mission to end a humanitarian crisis. The crisis had started after a coup that ousted President Siad Barre and sparked an unprecedented famine in the nation. Lastly, the United States role as a global watchdog was also witnessed in the Bosnia-Kosovo crisis after the government sent soldiers into the region to put an end to the ethnic cleansing that was taking place (Rosati & Scott, 2014).

The actions of the United States government in the international arena have been prompted by an array of forces that are both domestic and foreign. The War on Terror is an example of a force that has resulted in foreign interventions. The operation to kill Osama Bin Laden was part of the war, along with military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan. Another force that dictates US actions in the international arena is its membership in the NATO alliance (Brown, 2012). The alliance encompasses a group of countries with similar security interests. This often sees the organization take common stances with an example being the decision to aid the rebel forces in Libya. Lastly, the United States’ position as a global moral authority forces it to intervene in different situations and crises around the world (Brown, 2012). Excellent examples of this include the Somali Civil War and the Bosnia-Kosovo crisis where the government intervened to avert critical human disasters.

 

 

 

References

Brown, S. S. (2012). The future of US global power: Delusions of decline. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Rosati, J. A., & Scott, J. M. (2014). The politics of United States foreign policy. Boston: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Schmidt, E. (2013). Foreign intervention in Africa: From the Cold War to the war on terror. New York: Cambridge University Press.

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