PNW and Globalization
PNW and Globalization
Scholte provides an analysis of the history of globalization and the events that took place in each stage. His arguments are based on the notion that globalization should be considered a combination of Transplanetary connectivity and supraterritoriality (Scholte 55). According to his analysis, globalization took place in three stages as listed below:
- Intimations of globality, in the 19th century
Several thousands years ago, the ancient civilizations such as the Chinese and the Greek, viewed the world as a single space. The contacts made at the tome heavily suggested globality quality. For instance, the Greek society was formed from a mixture of Phoenician, Egyptian, and Aegean influences. There was widespread contact between various civilizations across the world, mostly through sea voyages, for instance, the renowned Silk Road. The fact that there existed a global imagination prompted the circumnavigation of the world, and in turn, strengthening the Transplanetary connectivity.
- Incipient globalization
This occurred in the mid-twentieth century, and during this period, the Transplanetary connections increased. There was tremendous advancement in the fields of communication, transport, money, markets, and organization. However, Scholte notes that the previous stage did not influence the incipient globalization. I find this quite biased and untrue, as evidently, the intimations of globality laid the foundations for the globalization process in the twentieth century
- Contemporary accelerated globalization
Globalization has rapidly occurred in the last 5 decades, with tremendous growth in Supraterritoriality and Transplanetary relations as well. Some of the notable developments include the use of the internet, mobile phone devices, a daily foreign exchange turnover, international travel, companies, among other developments. For this stage of globalization, Scholte was not biased as he presented it correctly.
Scholte’s definition is not biased. However, the only bias present in his work is in the definition of the stages of globalization. To claim that the second stage was independent of the first one is wrong. These events are chronological and stating otherwise is misleading the reader.
Scholte, Jan A. Globalization: A Critical Introduction. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.
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