Peer Reviewed Literature

Peer Reviewed Literature




Peer Reviewed Literature

Kadafa, A. A. (2012). Environmental impacts of oil exploration and exploitation in the Niger Delta of Nigeria. Environment and Earth Science, 12 (3), 1-11.

The journal gives an estimate of 9-13 million barrels of oil wastage in the Niger Delta, which gives an understanding of the extent of pollution in the area categorized among the ten most important wetlands and marine ecosystems in the world.

Dami, H. K. A. & Amukali O. (2012). Effects of Gas Flaring and Oil Spillage on Rainwater Collected for Drinking in Okpai and Beneku, Delta State, Nigeria. Geography & Environmental GeoSciences, 12 (13), 1-6.

This journal looks into the effects that pollution has affected drinking water and in effect the health of the Delta’s inhabitants by changing the composition and properties of the water through polluted rain water mixing with surface water used for drinking.

Ajugwo, A. O. (2013) Negative Effects of Gas Flaring: The Nigerian Experience. Environment Pollution and Human Health, 1(1), 6-8.

This paper highlights the global condemnation of gas flaring due to their environmental and health implications though it is still prevalent in some countries due to poor legislation and lack of fines. This has left communities poor and highly underdeveloped.

Ite, A. E., & Udo J.I. (2013). Gas Flaring and Venting Associated with Petroleum Exploration and Production in the Nigeria’s Niger Delta. Environmental Protection 1 (4), 70-77.

This journal discusses how the oil mining industry in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria has contributed to global warming through flaring that causes the release greenhouse emissions and inorganic aerosol pollutants into the environment due to incomplete combustion.


Ite, A. E., et al. (2013). Petroleum Exploration and Production: Past and Present Environmental Issues in the Nigeria’s Niger Delta. Environmental Protection, 1 (4), 78-90.

Ite iterates the lack of adequate legislation to regulate big oil companies and ensure sustainable solutions to pollution since oil and gas exportation earns the country a lot of revenue.

Ismail O. & Umukoro G. (2012). Global Impact of Gas Flaring. Energy and Power Engineering, 4 (4), 290-302.

This paper highlights the research and innovations being undertaken to measure and study gas flares and their emissions with the view of establishing ways of reducing their occurrence and impacts.

Osuji L. & Avwiri G. (2005). Flared Gases and Other Pollutants Associated with Air Quality in Industrial Areas of Nigeria: An Overview. Chemistry & Biodiversity, 2, 1277-1289.

This paper highlights the changes in the air composition in terms of oxygen levels and pollutants and how this affects health and the environment,

Odjugo P., & Osemwenkhae E. (2009). Natural gas flaring affects microclimate and reduces maize (Zea mays) yield. Agricultural Biology, 11, 408-412.

This paper studies the effect flaring has affected the micro climate of the Niger Delta affecting food production with notable reduction in maize yields over the years.

Briggs, K.T., Yoshida, S.H., & Gershwin, M.E. (1996). The Influence of Petrochemicals and Stress on the Immune System of Seabirds. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 23,145-155.

This paper discusses the impacts flare pollutants have had on wildlife and their health and migration.

Effiong, S. A. & Etowa, U. E. (2012) Oil spillage cost, gas flaring cost and life expectancy rate of the Niger Delta people of Nigeria. Advances in Management & Applied Economics, 2 (2), 211-228.

This paper studies the negative effects flaring pollution has had on the life expectancy and mortality rates of the people in the Niger Delta of Nigeria.

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