Employment at Will

Employment at Will

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Employment at Will

Question Two

Employment at Will (EAW) is a doctrine in American common law which determines one of the starting points for employment negotiations. What is the best moral argument in favor of EAW?  Is EAW morally justified, and why or why not?

            In recent years, the traditional concepts of the law regarding employment relationships of an indefinite duration have been the object of much criticism. The source of this controversy emanates from an application of the recently developed employment at will doctrine (EAW), which ensures that employment relationships of any nature may be terminated at any time with or without notice of cause. The moral reasoning to the employment at will law is that it promotes justice and fairness while instituting terms of employment.

Frequently, employees argue that employers tend to offer them employment policies that are not as just as the law perceives them to be. As a result, many companies tend to lay off workers and employ new applicants regardless of the evidence presented in terms of insubordinate claims or employment requirements and qualifications. This system displays a moral lack of sense to most workers. However, as much as this is the case, the American Common Law of a doctrine regarding EAW offers different moral applications as to the employment terms in any company. The policy that allows employers the right to act in accordance to their will directly affects the employee. The independent policy that allows employers to hire, promote, demote and fire as they please, is perceived as an act of unfairness and an unjust display of professional experience.

 

Social Psychology of Emotion

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Social Psychology of Emotion

Social cognition revolves around the retrieval, storage, encoding and respective processing of information that affects psychology and theory of information processing. An analysis level seeks to understand the phenomena of social psychology through investigating the processes of cognition. Some of the factors that affect social cognition include stimuli from judgment and perception, factors on information processing and the resultant behavioral processes (Baumeister and Finkel 63). The application of social cognition has come to be frequent in day-to-day life when the association of issue affecting abilities, which have been disrupted through schizophrenia, autism and other renowned disorders in the society. Simple abilities like memory of various occurrences, performance of activities that are natural like recalling of relations and common people become difficult to the affected persons. The process of attention and its maintenance for extended periods becomes disrupted between the inter-group processes and is widely studied in psychology.

Social psychology of emotion is relevant to the observation in terms of fusion with body, mind and society. The study on emotions tends to cover and exceed the binary linguistics as well as the traditional academic. There are various multi-modal perspectives attached to the conventions observed in complexity affecting dualistic conventions. Emotions in psychology are then important in understanding the various attitudes, behaviors, expressions and depictions made by different persons (Baumeister and Finkel 101). The calculations made are spontaneous, impulsive quality, and immeasurable nature of the human condition. Emotions in the day-to-day life applications affect how we feel and express them as humans to other people like resentment, anger, appreciation amongst others. The environments and closeness of the people influences the ease of expression as well as understanding emotions through mental activities showing degree of displeasure or pleasure.

 

Work Cited

Baumeister, Roy F, and Eli J. Finkel. Advanced Social Psychology: The State of the Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.

 

Men’s And Women’s Soccer in the U.S.A

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Men’s And Women’s Soccer in the U.S.A

Perception on Social Identities

            Developing soccer talent among the immigrants takes a great deal of effort, which includes availing the necessary equipment and experience to improve this talent. In the U.S, developing talents begins from a young stage where children who have the passion and drive to pursue different paths are nurtured into soccer players. However, over the years, the U.S soccer scene has seen a rampant increase in the number of immigrant soccer players who with their talent aim at creating social change towards immigrants. The result of this being strengthened exclusivist ethnic and social identities that have led to the perception of soccer as a sport consisting of immigrants.

Evidenced by the major soccer tournaments held in most parts of Africa such as South Africa, the games offer solid perception of soccer as a sport for immigrants. For instance, the Africa World Cup held in South Africa amid crowded block homes belonging to the immigrants attracted a large crowd eager to see the winning team between Europe and USA. According to Alegi and Bolsmann, the stadium was located in the outskirts of the country through rifts of dirt and mud (Alegi and Bolsmann 149). This directly translated the experiences of the people living within the area and their urge to grasp the economic opportunity present to improve their social status.

The poor side of the working class had a dense population and the area hosting the World cup saw a significant rise in the number of people. The game brought together people from different backgrounds and culture regardless of their poverty levels.  As much as the stadium was packed and the game proceeded smoothly to completion, a major issue arose when it was time to depart the stadium. Confusion was the outcome and the feeling was of “civil resignation” (Alegi and Bolsmann 149). The roads were jammed with busses and the presence of energetic hawkers with a bid to sell.

American Assimilated Soccer Culture

            However, as much as the World Cup relays soccer as a sport of the immigrants, the development of the sport in America through its popular nature has resulted to assimilation of the American culture of sports in different areas. Through the popularity of the FIFA games and the incorporation of the games into the entertainment sector creates a relevance of the game. The potential success of the MSL games has played an imaginable role in bringing attention to the soccer scene. The development of young talents from the streets into the soccer scene has led to the improved lifestyle of the people through creating financial development in Europe (Strutner and Nauright 24).

Preceding years in the MSL league according to Strutner and Nauright saw a significant number of obstacles that affected the sport. However, the management aimed at reaching out to a diverse number of investors ho would help improve the condition of the players therefore ensuring their performance. They developed appropriate programs that would accelerate the talent of the players as well as improve the image of the cubs. With the programs, the clubs would offer

 

 

Work Cited

Top of Form

Alegi, Peter, and Chris Bolsmann. Africa‘s World Cup: Critical Reflections on Play, Patriotism, Spectatorship, and Space. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2013. Internet resource.

Top of Form

Strutner, M, C Parrish, and J Nauright. “Making Soccer “major League” in the Usa and Beyond: Major League Soccer’s First Decade.” Sport History Review. 45.1 (2014): 23-36. Print.

Bottom of Form

 

Bottom of Form

 

Executive Summary

Executive Summary

The article takes note of the importance of personal feedback from consumers in relation to their respective experiences in using Apple computers. In addition, the initial responses from consumers in the product development cycle usually provide information as to the appropriateness and capacity of a product or service to satisfy the needs of the consumers. The paper provides a discussion of the importance of developing models that provide responses from consumers in relation to their experiences with various product offerings from an entity. Such information plays a critical role in accumulation and affirmation of competitive advantage accruable to an entity in a competitive business environment.

 

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Report

Customer feedback assumes an important part of the customer relationship process for modern institutions, which are reliant on customer satisfaction and loyalty as a means of developing a strong market The Customer Quality Feedback (CQF) is a hands-on platform that provides Apple Inc. with the capacity for communication with the potential end-users in the product development lifecycle. The Customer Quality Feedback (CQF) is a substantive and useful tool that utilizes a similar approach to focus groups due to its continuity nature. Apple’s Customer Quality Feedback (CQF) is an effective and elaborate illustration of the proactive strategies that are deemed as necessary in ensuring optimal customer satisfaction in a fast-paced global economy.

It is critical to note that customer responses or feedback usually enable enhanced and efficient decision-making processes, more so in the development of products and services which suit specific consumer needs, wants and preferences. Furthermore, the Customer Quality Feedback (CQF) relies on continuity and ensuring optimal interactivity with the customers to source appropriate and honest opinions over the quality of various product offerings at Apple Inc. The Customer Quality Feedback (CQF) model provides the entity with a means of gaining direct and firsthand feedback from consumers over the quality and effectiveness of the product to satisfy their respective needs. Through issuing of product prototypes, Apple is able to accrue information over aspects or functions that should be changed to cater to the needs, wants, and preferences of a majority of the consumers in the market. Such an approach has provided to be successful in that it has ensured Apple’s capacity and capability to accumulate competitive advantage in the technology industry.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compassionate Access

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Compassionate Access

Introduction

The policy being discussed in this essay is the S. 683 legislation that allows for the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes at the federal level. The bill proposed a rescheduling of marijuana to Schedule II. This will permit states to establish their unique medical marijuana policies and allow veterans to receive safe levels of cannabis. For several years, there has been a longstanding debate about the use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes. However, in recent times, both Democrats and Conservatives have come to the agreement that it is unfair to categorize cannabis on the same level as other drugs such as LSD, cocaine and heroin. One of the possible issues with the S.683 policy that allows for the use of medical marijuana by licensed practitioners is that it allows the abuse and addiction by its beneficiaries. The bill permitting medical marijuana also promotes increased consumption of the drug and this can eventually lead to drug trafficking and related crimes.

History and Background

Regulations concerning medical marijuana have been contentious for several years. While over 23 states including the District of Colombia have legalized the use of the drug for medical purposes. This is a unique situation in that marijuana remains an illegal substance at the federal level. In the 1600s, the state actually encouraged the production of hemp, a key ingredient in the production of marijuana. The influx of Mexican immigrants promoted recreational growth of marijuana and this triggered harsh policies for drug consumption and cultivation such as the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 as well as other similar laws. This was the trend until recently in 1996 when California became the first state to legalize marijuana for medical use.

Outcomes/Stakeholders/Competing Proposals

The main stakeholders in eth debate for or against the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes include law enforcement agencies, marijuana cultivators, medical practitioners and the state among other minor entities. One of the possible outcomes of the proposed S.683 bill is that it would transform the marijuana business into a legitimate and multi-million dollar industry. A key benefit of passing the bill is that it would forbid banking laws from penalizing individuals or entities linked to cultivating the substance. The proposal has been met with significant opposition within Congress. In the last year’s election on the abovementioned bill to thwart federal interference into legal medical marijuana activities, the vote totaled to 242 against 186. One of the foremost fears was that this decision would facilitate a snowball effect in terms of higher amounts of legal recreational marijuana, a proposal that has met significant opposition from both bureaucrats and voters when compared to medical marijuana. Among the public, there is an equal and significant resistance to the bill. This opposition has been organized in the form of pressure and lobby groups such as Citizens against Legalizing Marijuana (CALM). The church and its members, which contribute a significant number of eligible voters, have also made a strong stand against the bill.

Recommendations

A pertinent recommendation is to pass the bill that seeks to legalize marijuana fro medical use at the state and federal levels. The sponsors of the most popular bill, Booker and Paul have gone to extreme lengths to confirm that cannabis cannot be categorized on the same level as Schedule I narcotics. The sponsors added that the bill would give states the ability to assist patients using marijuana without fear of the penalties. The bill will set a precedent for other laws that authorize states to legalize medical marijuana.

Importance of a Court Administrator

 

Importance of a Court Administrator

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Importance of a Court Administrator

In the recent decades, there has been a substantial decline in the quality of rulings from the appellate courts in the US. With the increase in caseloads, the courts have been forced to hire more staff attorneys and law clerks to ease the pressure. Though the expansion of the appellate staff had a sound foundation, the said judges have used it as an excuse to become less accountable. This has diluted the outcomes from this judicial system. There has been a reduction in oral arguments and fully published opinions. However, the hiring of a court administrator is bound to resolve the court’s management issues making it more efficient.

Due to the reduction in funding the procedure of filing, a case in a state court is as prolonged as is receiving the verdict. The litigation process is further elongated if the aggrieved party decides to pursue a more favorable judgment in the appellate court system. The aggrieved sends a notice of appeal to the appellate court within 10 days after the final judgment. The appellate clerks, usually lawyers or law students working pro bono, review the appellant’s documentation. In an era where the majority cannot afford legal representation, and there is a decline in civic education, the majority of the self-representing appellants make minor mistakes that disqualify their case (Beazley, 2015). The courts have refused to extend the period of notice of appeal for such individuals. They claim compromising set standards is not an option as even the court themselves are victims to the new market realities. The community shares in the repercussions of a reduction in funding through a decline in quality of service. While everyone is keen to lodge criticisms at the judicial system, very few point fingers at the real culprits the funders. The budget cuts have led to increased pressure in an already struggling system.

The decision-making process in the court of appeal is relatively slower than its preceding junior courts. While one has a deadline of 30 days after the final judgment of the lower court to file an appeal, the ruling by the appellate court can take more than a year. In a bid to increase objectivity and a fair outcome for each involved party, the appellate judges consider each legal claim presented individually (Fish, 2015). The appellate judges have to read personally and research on the cases before considering the arguments. It follows that the current technological advances in documenting do not fasten tasks done by humans. In appellate judges, have four times more caseloads than they had in the 1950s, from 73 to 329 appeals. For more routine cases, the staff attorneys present the cases to the appellate judges in truncated form to hasten the process. Other major cases are also decided on similar briefs. As the caseloads increase, more responsibility is delegated to the staff attorneys. It follows that some rulings are given as summary judgment with no published opinion (Beazley, 2015). The majority of the appellants do not get a physical audience with the appellate judges as the courtesy of an oral argument is not accorded to every petitioner. Full-length opinions are only given to cases in the public eye that is extensive media coverage. Despite the effort at understanding the increased caseloads, the judges appear to avoid accountability for making mistakes while rushing through cases or delegating them. The summary judges usually bear no signature. As such, no particular judge can be held accountable for that particular decision. Ownership is the core of accountability. The justice system is thus diluted. A summary judgment cannot be used as a precedent for future rulings affecting the development of law.

As a solution to the current dilemma, a court administrator has been proposed. They will report directly to the chief judge of the particular jurisdiction. The work will be to concentrate on the administrative duties of the court leaving the judges to concentrate solely adjudicatory activities. The administrative duties range includes all the fiscal matters that is, payment of employees’ salaries or costs of maintenance of the courtroom. Once the court becomes more efficient the need for delegating duties to staff attorneys will reduce. As the court state administrators are not immune to the current market realities, they too will have to improvise with the limited resources. Owing the judicial innovation projects under them, they can help come up with different streams of revenue (Howard Jr., 2014). The administrator manages the judicial schedules and calendar ensuring that cases do not overlap efficient case management. This, in turn, helps in reducing the accumulating workload. The court administrators set the goals of the court in liaison with the judges. As the court’s performance will be measured, the judges will be motivated to hasten the judicial process without compromising standards. Not only will they formulate the management policies for the court, but they also ensure that they are implemented. They serve as a link between the executive, the legislature, the judiciary and the local government. The court administrator will also help maintain the judicial independence as any communication from the passes through him. Exercising direct control over the judiciary amounts to interference.

 

References

Beazley, M. (2015). Judgment writing in final and intermediate courts of appeal. Judicial Officers Bulletin, 27(9), 79.

Fish, P. G. (2015). The politics of federal judicial administration. Princeton University Press.

Howard Jr., J. W. (2014). Courts of appeals in the federal judicial system: A study of the Second, Fifth, and District of Columbia Circuits. Princeton University Press.

 

 

 

 

Article Review

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Article Review

The Retro Report titled The Unrealized Horrors of Population Explosion that featured in the New York Times provided an in-depth discussion of the unprecedented growth of the global population and the challenges facing urban areas, developing and developed states around the world. The article notes that the world is gradually moving towards a dystopian global society, as the struggle for meager resources prompts conflicts, migration, and violence. I think the video provides an elaborate prediction of what we should anticipate in the future because of declining resources, despite the rapid growth of the global population. We should anticipate conflicts, violence, and the presence of a dystopian society as resources decline because of the unwillingness of the developed world, elite, and communities to safeguard resources and control population growth.

Despite critics predicting that the world population would push the world towards an apocalypse, the global population continues to grow at an unprecedented rate. On the other hand, with recent developments in technology as illustrated by the Green Revolution, innovations have contributed towards enhancing the global capacity to feed the global population despite the rapid increase in population numbers. I personally think that Dr. Ehrlich has valid claims that the world is on the precipice of a disaster because of unprecedented growth in the world’s population. On the other hand, due to the capitalistic nature of the global community, any growth in a population usually results in an opportunity for income (Haberman).

The discussion in the video notes that technological advancements have contributed to enhanced healthcare standards, eliminating the traditional survival imperative of birthing a large number of children. In addition, it is apparent in densely populated areas, having large families is no longer a blessing; rather it is a burden for such families. In addition, women around the world have become empowered providing them with social and economic independence, enhancing the contributions made by women towards global development. Research suggests that the rapid growth in population amidst declining resources is associated with poverty and other unwanted social incidences such as conflicts, crime, and disease (Haberman).

The video notes that some of the most populated areas such as Singapore, Macau, and Monaco are not desperate cases of overpopulation. Mr. Pearce notes that “We can survive massive demographic change,” given that primary issue is over-consumption of resources as opposed to over-population, given that majority of which are non-renewable (Haberman). Thus, it is imperative for modern communities and governments to focus on controlling the use of resources, given the concerns associated with rapid urbanization, technological advancement, and industrialization.

The New York Times provided an effective and fair representation of the debate, as all the parties involved were able to express their ideas in an articulated manner. In addition, the discussion also highlights the growing concern of pollution and its role in the spread of disease, poverty, and unsustainable weather, which some communities rely on for agricultural activities and survival. Furthermore, the discussion also highlights that the concern has gradually shifted away from overcrowding because of rapid population growth towards over-consumption of existing resources. Thus, the primary challenge for the global community will be on the controlled use of scarce resources such as energy, food, and water. In addition, the discussion provides a new perspective on the issues, which governments and the global community should concentrate, mainly over-reliance on scarce resources amidst rapid population growth. However, this does not negate the need to control population growth; it only affirms that humanity has gained ingenious avenues for sustaining the growth the global population using new technology (Haberman).

 

Works Cited

Haberman, Clyde. “The Unrealized Horrors of Population Explosion.” The New York Times. 31 May 2015. Web. 17th February 2016. <http://nyti.ms/1FVUKn1>

Achieving Success

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Achieving Success

Opening with Impact

Many people have been accustomed to hearing that success in life is premised on achieving academic excellence alone. In most instances, acquisition of jobs and financial prowess is linked with the achievement of a college degree. Do you agree? This is a myth, which I will show you does not have to be peddled any longer.

Audience Connection and speaker Credibility

The Center for College Affordability and Productivity has established that many college-educated Americans have a higher chance of gaining employment although such jobs are not consumerate to their diplomas hence underscoring their struggle foe earning a living and enhancing unemployment rates (Levitt and Dubner 57). Out of 41 million such graduates, 48% of their work jobs require minimum qualifications that are less than a bachelor’s degree. That is an accurate finding in my view.

Thesis Statement

My presentation will focus on the viability of finding success in life without necessarily having a degree and by the end of the speech, you will realize that this phenomenon is common nationally

Preview of Main Points

  • Talent
  • Apprenticeship/Entrepreneurship

Transitions

I will use different language styles after each main point.

Body and Supporting Material

Success is defined as an act of achieving fame, respect, or even wealth. In most cases, it is a measure of accomplishing something that makes one feel contented. Now that you have become enlightened on that, it is thus natural that I highlight various fields that can help one become successful. Sports is a major part of American psyche and it is lucrative too. Entertainment is another aspect that offers fame, money, and happiness. Platforms such as movies and music are also huge contributors to the American lifestyle whilst also offering many people much-needed income. In all these instances, the individuals exhibit talents in the various disciplines and do not necessarily need to have college degrees. In fact, most young people aspire to be movie stars and musicians due to the fame, money, and appeal that such roles generate.

Forbes magazine has countless times detailed the lives of wealthy people, most of who are school dropouts but ended up making innovations, which proved successful. As such, let me now discuss with you about entrepreneurship since you have already become acquainted with the importance of talent over academic excellence. Several business ideas have sprung from everyday occurrences and those who translate that into action have become very successful. Inn some cases, individuals have been incorporated in incubation centers or given apprenticeship opportunities to nurture their creativity thereby spurring them into multimillion-dollar business ventures without having to rely on their educational accomplishments (Esola and Jones 67). In contrast, many college graduates have struggled to obtain employment and resorted to menial jobs in fast food restaurants or even remained on welfare while they moan the job security and stability that had been perpetuated earlier on. While others have managed to be employed, most of them are left whining hence a confirmation of the above assertions.

Conclusion

Education is an important part of human development but it is not a guarantee of success. The world has become competitive especially the job market hence driving the resurgence of other platforms for people to become successful. As such, a college degree is not necessary. One can use his/her talent to accomplish certain goals in life while entrepreneurship is another avenue for fulfilling such dreams. The high rate of unemployment and dissatisfaction amongst college graduates is an admission of this myth. It therefore reinforces the notion that academic excellence alone cannot be the ole provider of success.

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

Esola, Michael, and Wesley Jones. You Have a College Degree, Now What?EJ Consulting, 2010. Print.

Levitt, Steven D, and Stephen J. Dubner. Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything. New York: William Morrow, 2005. Print.

 

 

Open House by John T. Edge

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Open House by John T. Edge

The essay is a summary “Open House” featured in January edition of the Oxford American in the year 2003. John T. Edge the writer narrates of his changing perspective of a restaurant he used to frequent in his undergraduate years at the University of Georgia. After years away from the place, he returns in his adulthood to substantiate the once fleeting rumors that the place was a local klavern for the Ku Klux Klan and that the husband of its patron, Herbert Blanche, was a key member of the white supremacist group in 1960s. The renewed interest is aroused by his analysis of the importance that third places played especially in the Civil Rights Era. He focuses on restaurants and eating taverns where strategies benign and sinister were laid out, inconspicuous with to outside world, but with enduring impacts. Edge narrates the mertamorphosis of the restaurant from a Ku Klux Klan meeting room to a fraternity hangout and its current state as a church for the very people the former incumbents targeted, blacks. The writer stipulates that though locations may remain constant their utility speak volumes of the surrounding population shared values.

During his youth, the location was a stop by to refresh from a night out raving oblivious of everything. The above statement is fortified by the fact the he returned to his old hangout in search of truth. This implied that in those days they lived a lie or were too immature to handle the said truth. Unfortunately, he is not alone in his selective pursuit of truth. The values of the then residents were reflected the white jury knew that freed the suspects of Lemuel Penn’s murder despite overwhelming evidence. Upon returning to the place to find a church, the cab driver was infuriated when Edge implied that the place was once a site of historical injustices. The truth often disturbs the peace it is easier forgetting or ignoring.

Edge felt a sense of nostalgia upon exposure to his youthful hangout, implying that locations act as memory cues for past endeavors. The words dark shadows imply that he is ashamed of the acts he committed in this place. He recalls of a particular night when he together with his friends went to Open House to cool down after a night out drinking. His exploits in the downtown parts of Georgia often ended up with a coffee boost at the said restaurant preceded by occasional puking. The author of the article shows that the overt demonstration of strength or negative behaviour is not spontaneous rather a manifestation of unnoticeable activities done in private.

The character of their patron, Mrs. Blanche stimulated Edge’s youthful curiosity. She was an attractive middle-aged woman with the gusto of a comic and a motherly aura.  She did not hesitate to reproach the youngsters if she deemed the behavior unbecoming. The fascination was augmented by her dark past that was only limited to whispers, the wife of a prominent Ku Klux Klan member alleged to have murdered a black motorist. The double life is a representative of the restaurants characteristics.

Over the three eras of the places existence, it appeared to retain its core utility, purification. Initially it was used by the Klavern to make elaborate plans to cleanse their town of the Negros they perceived to be contaminating their race and disturbing the peace. When it become a restaurant the fraternity boys referred to it as their purgatory implying it cleansed them from the impurity that was attached to their nightly escapades. The last owners, the Black church was used it as an altar of spiritual nourishment and sanctification. . Edge notes that time often forgives history and can redeem a place of bloodshed consecrating it into an altar for good.

Specialized Treatment for Special Populations

Specialized Treatment for Special Populations

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Specialized Treatment for Special Populations

The greatest shortcoming to quality care in special populations like addicts is the generalization of treatment. To understand addiction was must approach it from a point of diversity. The treatment ought to not only acknowledge the patients’ innate differences but also incorporate the newfound perspective on the treatment. The abusers’ age, gender, culture, health condition and type of drug abused should be considered. Subsequently, the treatment should be customized to fit the patient description. Apart from the immediate circumstance, the counselors should analyze the backgrounds of their patient to understand the source of addiction and risk factors that may trigger reuse, for instance, a significant other that is struggling.

There is a marked difference in the type of drugs abused within a particular demographic. Elderly people are known to abuse prescription medicine and alcohol, and illicit drugs are a rarity in this demographic. The source of women’s abuse is often intertwined with their intimate relations, the resultant depression, or influence from their significant other in the name of adventure. Abuse in women often leaves them susceptible to sexual assault, that angle should also be considered (Corey & California State University, 2013). Putting the two groups in a singular setting with a generalized approach will inevitably produce inaccurate and misleading results. The abuser may be mentally retarded, and the only cause of addiction is misdiagnosis on the part of the previous doctors who have been prescribing addictive pills out of ignorance of the underlying problem. Secondly, they may not be aware of the reaction the drugs may illicit when the mix with the person’s condition. Separate mental health services ought to be availed. The patterns of the patients’ abuse ought to be identified and integrated into the treatment.

The doctors ought to have a cultural competency that is drawn from cultural sensitivity. For this to be possible, there has to be an intentional representation of the population from which the patient belongs, the main reason being that they may identify factors that will lead to easier reformation that would be otherwise overlooked. For instance, Latino and African American families place very high importance on familial relationship that is a significant pillar of their transition towards full recovery. Similarly, the staff may be privy to the local languages getting a different perspective on the problem. The impeded relationship with family ought to be considered as a factor that prolongs abuse. Loss of daughter or son to children protective custody may exacerbate the existing depression subsequently increasing drug abuse.

For better care, the counselor ought to get familiar with the cultural implications of a particular patient. This may vary from their spirituality, communication style, to their worldview. The counselor will be able to illustrate points using relevant analogies relatable to the particular patient. The decorum of handling a patient varies with culture. For instance, an Asian patient may perceive informality as disrespectful (Corey & California State University, 2013). The above will have implications on the counselor-client relationship. People from cultures that have been oppressed often sense even the slightest degree of disrespect. As such, maintaining sensitivity in the terms used is essential to avoid stereotypical jokes. Culture informs the patient’s relationship with the authority figure, counselor. The counselor may have to go out of their way to make the patient comfortable. The level of stigma from abuse may vary. While some cultures attach equate abuse to societal suicide, others approach it as a minor mishap. For instance, drinking in the Russian and Irish communities in permissible even when the person is addicted as long as they behave appropriately.

 

Reference

Corey, G., & California State University. (2013). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.