Other Resources of Energy

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In many industrial economies, the main source of energy that is employed is inform of cheap liquid fuels which have been considered to be in abundant supply. The retrieval of these liquids is done by obtainance from the crude oil sources that exist globally. However, in the recent days, commentators have greatly debated on the sustenance of these resources. This is primarily because there has been a drastic decline in the production and processing of crude oil due to gross depletion of this resource. The consequent result as has been stated by many is that crude oil depletion will lead to substantial dislocation of global economies. This has been justified with the increased oil prices experienced. This inflation is meant to serve as incentive that will facilitate further exploration of other energy resources that can be used for energy production as well as development of additional resources stemming from oil exploration such as oil sands. This paper seeks to offer an in-depth research that will outline other resources that can be used to sustain the global energy needs following the depletion of crude oil reserves.

Background

Solar energy has been considered as the ultimate option that will solve the unavoidable decline of oil and gas resources. Due to the dwindling rates of petroleum, solar energy development is assured to serve a facilitating factor that will overcome the shortfall experience in oil production. The primary reason why solar energy and other renewable energy sources receive minimalistic attention is due to the fact that experts consider them too diffuse of intermittent. For instance, the diffuse aspect is stated stemming from the requirements that are necessary for solar energy collection and processing. These requirements include mirrored surfaces as well as thin collector s. Despite the underestimation of the hidden potential in renewable sources, the playing field has been leveled in terms of energy production. This leveling has been validated with the transformation of the energy production market which has now inculcated the use of renewable sources of energy due to the increased costs of purchasing fossil fuels.

Solar Energy

In terms of energy production, harnessing solar energy has proven to be an effective conventional method that provides clean and effectual energy employed on a global scale. Its production has been eased with the advancement of technology that has allowed for harnessing of this form of energy for different uses such as electricity production, heating for industrial and commercial use as well domestic uses. With technology, various methods have been developed for harnessing solar energy. They include concentration of solar power using a utility scale, photovoltaics and solar heating and cooling.  Through the use of electric and mechanical devices in these harnessing methods, solar energy is converted into an energy form that is usable in various settings. It is important to note that efforts have also been directed into the construction of passive solar buildings which are primarily constructed to collect, distribute and store solar energy that is used by the occupants.

The second factor that has promoted solar energy as the next primary source of energy following the oil decline is the eco-friendly benefits it will provide for the future generations especially with the increased deterioration of the climate and global warming. In terms of costs in production and usage of solar energy, this form of energy is considered cheaper hence allowing users to save a great deal of capital in terms of energy usage. This is justified with the reduction of installation of solar photovoltaic systems which has been experienced in the recent years. With a reduction of $9 per watt from 1998-2014, it is estimated that the costs of solar energy will reduce exponentially thus making solar energy panels available for the global population. Basing on the fact that solar panels are considered ideal for the domestic home setting, more technological advancements have been directed in ensuring that these energy production systems ensure that the future energy needs will be met effortlessly.

Wind Energy

The kinetic energy that is derived from wind energy has provided an alternative source of energy in the event of oil depletion. The flexibility of this form of energy is presented with the fact kinetic energy can be transformed into various forms of energy such as electrical and mechanical energy. In simply explaining the discovery of wind energy, one might state that it was discovered in the early 19th century by sailor who used this energy to propel their ships to various destinations. In the agricultural sector, wind energy has been employed by farmers to pump water from underground well through the use of wind energy harnessing devices such as windmills. Holland has been categorized as one of the nations that have utilized wind energy for thousands of years. Owing to the fact that the country is geologically a low-lying land mass, wind energy has been used for centuries to pump water. In the traditional setting, wind energy was also used for the processing and production of corn and wheat flours through a grinding process powered by this energy.

In modern day, wind energy can be used for electricity production through the use of machines known as wind turbines. The mechanism of functioning is based on hydroelectric technology whereby a rotary propeller is implemented for energy production. There exists various models of turbines that are used for electricity production from wind energy. They include the vertical and horizontal axis turbines. The energy developed has been used in varied electric appliances that are used within differential sectors depending on the amount of energy produced. For instance, smaller amount of wind energy can be used to generate electricity that is used in batteries that can either be used for powering traffic warning lights or lighting caravans and boats. For enormous amounts of energy, larger turbines are used .They are known as wind farms. The power in form of electricity that is produced by these farms is used for powering gridlines and can provide large cities and towns with sufficient energy for industrial, commercial and domestic usage.  Owing to the fact  wind is a renewable source of energy, the farms can seen to become increasingly important for energy production  as means of curbing the overreliance expressed by various nations on fossil fuels as integral sources of energy.

Biomass         

In the current day setting, biomass is a highly potential source of energy that can be harnessed in order to reduce the pressure on oil resources. Biomass can be described as animal and plant material. The energy that is derived from biomass is generally from the sun due to the plant processes that allows for solar energy to be captured and used for life processes. One of the advantages of this form of energy is that it takes a relatively shorter time for its production.  This is in comparison with the duration of time taken for fossil fuels to develop which is approximated to be a hundred million years. Therefore, it is imperative for the biomass to be carefully evaluated as a form of energy that can serve as climate solution through the analysis of carbon emission cycles. This analysis is important because different waste materials have varied energy production levels influenced by factors such as methods used for development and harvesting, type of feedstock used as well as the scale of technology used for biomass conversion.  Based on this information, it is clear to observe that there is great need for nations to shift from energy production harnessed from fossil fuels and invest more towards cleaner and efficient sources of energy such as biomass.

In conclusion, it is valid to state that the decline of oil reserve and production has provided an incentive for further research to be conducted on other resources that can be used as alternative. Solar energy gas serves as  more effectual source of electricity generation hence can be used in the industrial and commercial sectors. Wind energy has been more effectual in the agricultural sector and therefore more technology application will increased its proficiency and effectuality in increasing agricultural produce. Biomass as a form of energy has received minimal criticism based on its impact on the environment as compared to other renewable sources. However, with comparison to fossil fuels, it is cleaner and can be used as a substitute

 

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