Obesity

Obesity

 

 

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Obesity

Harvard School of Public Health. (2014). Obesity Causes. Retrieved from http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/obesity-prevention-source/obesity-causes/

This article focuses on the causes of obesity. It cites that many factors are responsible, such as a sedentary lifestyle, heredity, early influences in life, too little physical exercise or activity and sleep amongst others. In addition, it mentions that these factors vary with each individual. It also talks about how to prevent obesity through changing diet, lifestyle and increasing physical activities. This article answers the question of what causes obesity and ways of preventing it.

Levy-Navarro, E. (2008). The culture of obesity in early and late modernity: Body image in Shakespeare, Jonson, Middleton, and Skelton. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

In this book, the author looks at the perception of people concerning fatness and thinness over early and late modernity. He offers a comprehensive examination of how perception on body sizes has changed over the centuries. Today, many people hold a high perception of thin bodies over the fat ones. The author uses readings from popular figures such as Shakespeare, Middleton, Skelton and Jonson to look at alternative ways in which being fat was perceived over the years. He finds that during Shakespearian time, thin bodies were seen to strengthen the power of elites while fat was associated with lowly ranked people. This book is very useful in indicating some of the factors that have contributed to obesity. Specifically, it highlights the changing attitudes towards obesity that can highlight how people today deal with it. It is no coincident that many people are becoming aware of its effects and seeking to change. This will be helpful in indicating some of the attitudes that contribute towards the way people view obesity. In addition, it helps indicate how lifestyle is a contributing factor and how to overcome it.

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2012). What are Overweight and Obesity? Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/

This article starts by defining overweight and obesity as a body weight, which is more that what is healthy for a particular height. It also comments on the most useful way of measuring obesity, which is body mass index, BMI. It then provides a small overview of the conditions and its prevalence in united states and world over. It cites several conditions that obese people are exposed to, which include coronary heart disease, gallstones, certain cancers, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. Furthermore, the article provides several factors that can contribute to obesity. It divides these factors into environmental, metabolism and family history. Within each of these categories, it mentions several causes of obesity. Additionally, this article talks about symptoms of obesity and overweight such as increased BMI and clothes becoming tighter. Most important, the article answers how obesity is treated. This is through changing of lifestyle, healthier eating plans, increasing physical activity and use of medicine amongst other methods.

Stanford Hospital & Clinics. (2014). What Causes Obesity? Retrieved from http://stanfordhospital.org/clinicsmedServices/COE/surgicalServices/generalSurgery/bariatricsurgery/obesity/causes.html

This article talks about factors that cause obesity in people. It says that the simple explanation is eating more calories than one can burn. However, it delves deeper to indicate that other factors, which include genetics, metabolic and lifestyle, also contribute to obesity in an individual. This article helps in understanding what things to avoid in preventing obesity. However, genetic and metabolic factors are not easily avoidable, which means some people will have higher probabilities of becoming obese than others even without eating much calories. According to studies, inheriting genes with tendency towards obesity increase one’s chances of being overweight by 25%. Metabolic factors are contributed by hormones that can control one’s appetite and other functions, which can trigger one to eat more. Lifestyle on the other hand can be avoided entirely by choosing to eat healthy and exercise regularly. This article is very useful in explaining the causes of obesity in my research.

World Health Organization. (2014). Obesity. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/topics/obesity/en/

In this article, the authors define both obesity and overweight as an abnormal accumulation of fat within the body, which presents health risks. The article also explains how obesity is measured using the body mass index, BMI. The BMI is a measure of weight against height. It indicates the amount of weight that is ideal for certain height or per unit of height used to measure it. The authors also indicate how it is interpreted by saying that a BMI above 30 is considered obese. In addition, it talks about the health issues associated with obesity that includes a number of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular conditions. These are some of the medical affects of obesity. Although these conditions are present in other people of normal weight, obesity increases their probability. This article will be very useful in my research because it answers what obesity is and medical conditions associated with it.

 

 

References

Harvard School of Public Health. (2014). Obesity Causes. Retrieved from http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/obesity-prevention-source/obesity-causes/

Levy-Navarro, E. (2008). The culture of obesity in early and late modernity: Body image in Shakespeare, Jonson, Middleton, and Skelton. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2012). What are Overweight and Obesity? Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/

Stanford Hospital & Clinics. (2014). What Causes Obesity? Retrieved from http://stanfordhospital.org/clinicsmedServices/COE/surgicalServices/generalSurgery/bariatricsurgery/obesity/causes.html

World Health Organization. (2014). Obesity. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/topics/obesity/en/

 

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