New Religious Movements

New Religious Movements

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This chart contains all the research you need to write the final paper for this course. If you do the research and reading on the religion(s) we study each week, and if you give yourself a good guide to the religions using this chart, you will have a good foundation for that final paper. The more information you provide for yourself with this chart, the easier it will be to write your final paper. Do not forget to provide adequate material for any in-text citations and be sure to include a reference page as well.

 

Complete and submit the following worksheet. Provide citations for any source(s) you used to explain or provide examples for in your research. List in APA Style full references for any in-text citations and source(s) made in the above chart.

Student Name:
RELIGION(S) OF THE WEEK  Provide your response in this column.
·         State the name of the Religion being addressed in this chart.

·         Please address ONLY ONE (1) religion per chart.

Shinto.

 

ORIGIN OF ALL THINGS  Provide your response in this column.
·         State the creation story that this religion uses to explain the creation of the universe. If you cannot identify a creation story for this religion, offer a suggestion as to why this religion may not have one.

·         Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.

·         You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete.

The Shinto story of creation tells of a tale of the lives and history if the “kami” (deities). There lived a divine couple known as Izanagi no Mikoto and Izanami no Mikoto; they gave birth to the Japanese Islands. The children then became the deities of the various Japanese clans (Motohisa, 2006). The sun goddess Amaterasu was among the daughters. The descendants of Amaterasu are responsible for unifying the country. Susano was one of the sons and it is said that one day he came down from heaven and he killed the great evil serpent.
NATURE OF GOD/CREATOR  Provide your response in this column.
·         State the nature of the god(s) worshiped by this religion. If you cannot identify a god (or gods) for this religion, offer a suggestion as to why this religion may not have one.

·         Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.

·         You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete.

 

 

 

The gods worshipped in the religion are extraterrestrial by nature. They are said to represent various forms of nature. However, people have created some forms of statues, which they worship in representation of the gods because the gods cannot be seen or touched (Rakin, 2006). The religion also views the gods as their ancestors because they are viewed as the founders of the state. The religion is said to have millions of deities. Amaterasu is one of the most common deities. She is said to be the goddess of the sun. Legend says that she gave birth to the first ruler of Japan.
VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE  Provide your response in this column.
·         State how this religion views human beings.

·         How are human beings viewed with regard to their characteristics and their place in the universe? If you cannot identify how this religion defines human beings, offer a suggestion as to why it does not.

·         Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.

·         You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete.

 

 

In Shinto, human beings are seen as the custodians of the universe. Therefore, they are supposed to behave in a manner that respects all forms of nature. For example, one is supposed to can in order to protect and preserve the environment. Shinto also regards human life as being very sacred meaning that it is wrong to take the life of another human being (Motohisa, 2006). Only the gods have the right to give and take life. Human beings are supposed to help the gods to protect the lives of fellow human beings and that means helping one another in times of challenges.
VIEW OF GOOD & EVIL  Provide your response in this column.
·         State how this religion defines the concept of good and evil.

·         Most religions encourage their adherents to be good and to shun evil. How does this religion define these terms for those who practice this religion? If you cannot identify how this religion defines good and evil, offer a suggestion as to why it does not.

·         Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.

·         You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete.

 

 

The religion does not give a well-defined position in matters concerning what is right and wrong. The reason for that is the fact that the religion does not have the conventional rulebook such as the bible, which is associated with Christianity. In terms of defining what is good or evil, the religion leaves that to the interpretation of the people. Therefore, a certain mode of behavior is considered good if it does not interfere with the other peoples’ way of life (Motohisa, 2006). In that sense, acts are considered evil if they disturb the peace and the comfort of fellow humans.
VIEW OF SALVATION Provide your response in this column.
·         All religions suggest that human beings are faced with a “problem” that needs to be overcome. What is the “problem” this religion identifies, and how does it suggest that we can overcome it? If you cannot identify how this religion defines the “problem,” or how to overcome it, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t.

·         Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.

·         You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete.

 

 

The religion does not have a view on salvation. The religion lacks a notion of salvation because the concept of good and veil is not well defined (Motohisa, 2006). One can only be saved from an evil that is well outlined.
VIEW OF AFTERLIFE  Provide your response in this column.
·         What does this religion teach about “what comes next” after all is said and done? For Eastern religions that teach reincarnation, this question is about what happens after moksha is attained. For Western religions, this question is about what happens when we die. If you cannot identify how this religion defines the afterlife, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t.

·         Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.

·         You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete.

 

 

 

Shinto view death as the point in which the body is detached from the spirit and it moves to reside with the ancestors (Breen, 2013). However, only pure spirits can stay with the ancestors. Therefore, one is required to live a holy life to avoid impurities.
PRACTICES AND RITUALS Provide your response in this column.
·         How do members of this religion “practice” their “faith?”

·         What ceremonies, or rituals, do they use to help pass this religion on to the next generation? If you cannot identify how this religion is practiced, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t have any rituals or practices.

·         Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.

·         You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete.

 

 

The religion is practiced by worshipping the gods in shrines. The shrines are administered by priests who provide spiritual guidance. Ceremonies such as marriages are presided over in the shrines to dedicate the marriage to the gods.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CELEBRATIONS AND FESTIVALS Provide your response in this column.
·         Identify one or two celebrations and/or festivals that members of this religion use to express their beliefs in public, or in private.

·         Name the festival(s) and give a short explanation of how it is observed. If you cannot identify any celebrations or festivals for this religion, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t have any.

·         Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.

·         You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete.

 

 

Oharae is one of the rituals practiced in the religion by individuals in order for purposes of sanctification. Oharae is known as the great purification ceremony (Breen, 2010). It is performed at the end of the year to atone for the sins committed in the year.

 

 

References

Breen, J., & Teeuwen, M. (2010). A new history of Shinto (Vol. 16). John Wiley & Sons.

Breen, J., & Teeuwen, M. (2013). Shinto in history: Ways of the kami. Routledge.

Motohisa, Y. (2006). The essence of Shinto. Japans Spiritual Heart.

Rankin, A. (2011). Shinto: A celebration of Life. John Hunt Publishing.

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