Improved Design and Cost-Effective Development of Bridges
Improved Design and Cost-Effective Development of Bridges
With infrastructure, especially in relation to the field of civil engineering, considerable focus has been directed towards the resolution of problems. This is based on the major changes that currently affect most societies such as population growth, the scarcity of resources, globalization, political shifts, and a significant evolution in culture. Civil engineering, as a profession, has been indispensable in shaping the way things move or transit from one point to another. This is best exemplified by the intricate nature of transportation networks in most developed countries. Despite this, such networks are prone to risks that arise from the unpredictable temperament of the natural environment in addition to negative economic implications. As an outcome, civil engineers focus substantially on the improvement of designs associated with an array of transportation systems. In particular, bridge systems offer a candid illustration of the extent to which civil engineering has attempted to improve design and integrate cost-effectiveness.
For the aim of designing improved and powerful bridges, it may be imperative to consider the integration of model-oriented designs. The effects of globalization have asserted positive developments especially in the field of technology. Additionally, technological advancements have emerged into a staple within most professions. Civil engineering is no exception. Accordingly, engineers have engaged in the utilization of approaches such as the Computer-Aided Design (CAD). The application of these programs has enabled persons within the respective profession to conduct accurate sketches and designs for several forms of infrastructure. However, as time progresses and ideas alter, systems such as CAD evolve into complicated frameworks for architectural and building design. As an outcome, civil engineering has become exposed to trends such as information modeling. The application of such forms of modeling may improve design by ensuring an inclination towards less time and cost-effectiveness.
In respect to the application of model-oriented design, civil engineers can use Bridge Information Modeling (BrIM) in order to improve the design of bridges (Ryall 25). Large bridges comprise the most convoluted and costly of any asset meant for the purpose of transformation. Ultimately, every procedure that ranges from planning to decommissioning and operation takes part in the development and utilization of a bridge’s information definition. In this respect, it is impossible to negate the advantages presented to civil engineers in relation to creating improved designs for the respective transportation structures. Additionally, the use of BrIM allows civil engineers to streamline the different processes involved in the creation, development, and erection of large bridge structures (Ryall 30). Simply, civil engineers are capable of using data beyond the design of bridges. Moreover, the respective modeling form can be applied in updating information procedures such as production, construction, operation, preservation, and inspection.
Civil engineers can also consider the improvement of the structures’ durability for the aim of design improvement and cost-effectiveness. Conventional design processes solely consider the performance and safety of bridges as perfect or lacking any deteriorating conditions. The call for the improvement of durability is based on the dynamic implications posed on bridge structures by natural or manufactured actions. Objectively, the effect of the environment and increases in the volume of traffic have instilled considerable burden especially on the maintenance of bridges (Ryall 42). Despite the efforts involved in mitigating such effects, conventional design measures have been incapable of ensuring the longevity of these particular structures within the specified lifecycle. As such, it would be imperative to consider new measures that advocate for the integration of durability on bridge structures. The inculcation of such processes will aid in the improvement of bridge design as well as ensure cost-effectiveness by limiting the costs involved in recurrent maintenance.
Nevertheless, for this to occur, civil engineers will need to consider approaches aimed at the measurement or estimation of diversity. Accordingly, the aspect of durability should be pondered upon at the start of the complete design phase and undergo integration within different processes (Sarja 77). As such, certain aspects should be computed in detail. These measures will allow civil engineers to apply countermeasures that restrict the effects of the burden imposed on contemporary bridges via external occurrences. As such, civil engineers will need to compute the structure’s deformation and the internal force. In addition to this, the processes of deterioration and the respective countermeasures must be designed. For instance, measures used in augmenting durability within RC bridges such as concrete covers and high-performing materials can be estimated and used in enabling durability within the respective structures.
In conclusion, civil engineers can exploit the dynamics of the contemporary environment in respect to the improvement of bridge design as well as limiting the costs involved in accessing raw materials. Foremost, civil engineers can consider the integration of model-oriented designs. Due to technological advancements, the profession of civil engineering has been exposed to the implications of a constantly changing environment. As such, it will be beneficial for the involved personnel to tap into the resources available. This may lead to a possible implementation of the Bridge Information Modeling (BrIM). The application of this modeling will assist in design improvements. Lastly, civil engineers can consider measures aimed at improving durability especially in large bridges.
Ryall, M J. Bridge Management. Amsterdam: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2010. Print.
Sarja, Asko. Integrated Life Cycle Design of Structures. New York: Spon Press, 2012. Print.
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