Question 2. Freire talks about “transformation”, or change, many times in his article. What should be changed, in Freire’s view, and how can his problem-posing version of education bring about this change?
The article by Paulo Freire presents information pertaining to the traditional education system. Additionally, it also describes the critical analysis of this system and the much-needed changes that should be enacted as means of improving education delivery. The author elucidates on the banking concept of the education system. According to him, because the teacher plays the role of depositor and the students are the depositees, there is lack of communication or interaction between the two entities. With this in mind, the author proposes the adoption of the Raison d’detre that is practiced in the Librarian education system. This form of education solves the contradiction present within the teacher-student hence creates a simultaneous alternating phases of a teacher and student roles which are intertwined. Ultimately, the aspect that needs to be changed in terms of the education system is the mythicizing of reality, which is not transparent as it conceals some vital truths that should be known by the students. The solution presented by the author is adoption of problem-posing education.
Several aspects about problem-posing education present it as a more effective teaching model. Firstly, it provides affirmation to the students. This done through creating awareness of themselves where they are aware that being in the process of becoming uncompleted and unfinished beings. This realization is affirmed by their belief that humans are different from animals through their incomplete nature that should be emphasized by education. Secondly, there is the aspect of demythologizing reality as depicted by banking education. This is achieved through encouraging dialogue within the class setting. This drives the students to be communicative and improve their cognitive ability of reality and its dynamics. In conclusion, the problem-posing education is considered more effectual by the author owing to the actualization of reality, encouraging communication and cognition as well as establishing an affirmative environment for the students.
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