Contemporary Question

Contemporary Question




Contemporary Question


Democratic peace is a concept or theory that proposes that democracies are naturally more peaceful and hesitate to engage in any form of armed conflict with other democracies. This theory condemns and shuns armed conflict, and promotes peace among nations. Democratic peace is influenced by a few factors, which are all political. Peace is sustained because democratic leaders tend to be accountable to the public, as expected in a democracy. The leaders are also expected to establish healthy diplomatic institutions that foster relations with other democracies, while at the same time, resolving any issues that may arise. In addition to these factors, these democratic nations tend to view others in peace, without any form of hostility hence fostering peace within the globe. Therefore, with the above-mentioned factors, it would be beneficial for the United States government to embrace democracy as a foreign policy.

Question 1

The United States government should strive to use democracy as a foreign policy because it has more advantages. By using it as a foreign policy means that, democratic ideologies spread across the world, which change people’s lives socially and politically. It is impossible to talk above embracing democracy without reviewing its benefits. Firstly, democracies allow people to enjoy more freedom, liberty, quality life, freedom from governmental violence, and have less economic problems as compared to the nondemocratic states. Most democracies are wealthy, because most are capitalistic. Democracy instills in a human being the need and obligation to improve not only their lives, but also the lives of another person. Therefore, the strong bonds created are instrumental in achieving positive social, political, and economic development of an individual. It is very difficult for a government to use democracy as a foreign policy when its principles are based on altruism.

Democracy advocates for liberty. Liberty can be defined as individual freedom, and is protected in the Bill of Rights. Promoting liberty influences people’s lives positively, as it is one of the requisites to development. Issues such as freedom of religion, association, movement, are all captured in liberty; therefore, the absence of a democracy would translate to bondage in all areas of life. If the United States employed this foreign policy, then, other nations would see the need to emulate it. Democratic ideologies strongly shun violence and armed conflict. This is because conflict disrupts peace and unity, thus tearing a nation apart. Therefore, democratic governments, as mentioned earlier discourage violence and do not use against other people, and their own people. It is important to note that without peace and unity, there is no form of development can take place. War torn countries have myriad problems ranging from disease, poverty, poor education, infrastructure, which all culminate in stunted economic growth. Evidently, if the United States government spread democracy, the world will be a better place, with economic, social, and political prosperity. The reduce likelihood of war promotes development in various capacities across the globe.

Question 2

Democracy will also benefit the United States in various ways. When other countries adopt democratic ideologies, they will have fewer refugees, who immigrate to the United States. The least democratic countries tend to generate many refugees because of war, and others seeking political asylum in the United States. Therefore, by being democratic, likelihood of war will decrease; therefore, there will be much fewer refugees. This will largely serve the interests of the United States government. Another benefit will be other democracies becoming allies with the United States. Spreading democracy globally will help in advancing American interests because of their shared beliefs. It is easier for a democracy to form an ally from another democracy. Therefore, these countries will support each other in the advancement of their interests. When other countries adopt democracy, the American ideals will thrive globally. There is the belief that the American democracy will be made stronger by other countries subscribing to their ideals. Therefore, through spreading the democracy, the American ideals and spirit will live on internationally.

It is important to note that democracies tend to foster better economic relationships with each other. What this means is that there will free trade, and relaxed laws and customs when conducting international trade. When spread, the new democracies will adopt open economics, which are beneficial to the countries engaging in trade. This also means that such democracies will create new investment destinations for the United States, therefore expanding its economic empire globally. The foreign exchange earned will be instrumental in improving the infrastructure of the United States. Lastly, spreading democracies means that the United States will have fewer enemies, and thus the other countries will not go into war with it. The idea behind democracy is that the countries will not go into war with other. Therefore, this fact alone means that it will be difficult for these new democracies to wage a war against the United States in case of any political issues that may arise.

Question 3

Despite the many benefits with using democracy as a foreign policy, the United States stands at a few risks. Studies have revealed that the democratization process in countries tend to increase the chances of war. This is mostly in countries that are in the process of transitioning to democracies. Such countries, especially those in the third world countries have weak political institutions that tend to blame the West for interference with their governance. Therefore, rulers who intend to remain in power and fight against the democratic policies may instigate war. Consequently, the natives and governments of these respective countries will alienate the United States and perceive it as the enemy. What this means is that there will be a strained diplomatic relationship between these countries and the United States, which is retrogressive for both parties. Democracy will definitely limit the United States from using military force to achieve its objectives because then that would make it an authoritarian government forcing its will on other countries. This would be considered tyranny and ironical at the same time for it goes against the doctrines of democracy.

Question 4

Spreading democracy globally will not be an easy task for the United States. This is because; there are nations that are strongly against the West. This is because they perceive the West as a tyrant trying to rule the entire world, under the pretext of democratization. Historical events have inspired the growth of terrorism and increased the number of foes for the country. Such are the hurdles the United States will have to overcome in order to achieve its goal. In addition to this, the country will have to provide a lot of monetary support to countries trying to adopt democracy, as a show of good will and support.



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