Brazil

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Brazil

Introduction

Brazil is an outstanding country with a wide range of natural features. Nevertheless, just like any other country in the world it has its own sets of environmental concerns that are a threat to the natural resources. Environmental issues like climate changes, deforestation, water scarcity, decreasing bio diversity and soil erosion are a worldwide dilemma that various organizations have taken the initiatives to resolve. As stated by the United Nations, it is our global responsibility “to promote harmony with nature and the Earth to achieve a just balance among the economic, social, and environmental needs of present and future generations of humanity.” Although we must deal with these environmental effects, the people living in the rural areas are the most affected especially those in developing countries as they heavily rely on agriculture since they are the people closely tied to the natural environment. Exploring the environmental issues in Brazil is of great importance.

Discussion

Deforestation is the clearance of a forest or tree plantation where the land used for different uses other than forestry. Brazil once had the highest rate of deforestation in the world and it has been the fore most cause of environmental and ecological degradation in the country. There has been a lot of opposition from indigenous people and several environmental organizations on the proposed Del Monte Dam due to its potential effects on biodiversity and the emission of greenhouse gases (World Development Report 12). Over the years, deforestation has greatly affected the Amazon due to an increased global demand for wood and soybeans, which have enhanced further destruction. However, recently, the Brazilian ministry of environment announced data showing a decrease in deforestation rates in the Amazon rainforest since mid-2011.

            Endangered Species, According to a species assessment conducted by the IUCN, Brazil hosts over 6% of the world’s endangered species, 97 species in Brazil were identified in a seriously endangered position. Due to the fertile conditions in the country, in 2009, it was the eighth largest home for endangered species in the world, the high rate of deforestation and industrialization has caused much of these decreases in number of the endangered species as noted by the environment minister of Brazil, stating that changing environmental factors are responsible for this decline. Most of the species are now facing a serious threat of extinction, for example: jaguar, sea turtle, spiny rice rat, bushy-tailed opossum, black-faced lion tamarin, Brazilian arboreal mouse, ringtail monkey, Coimbra’s titi monkey, and northern muriqui (McAllister 50). Therefore, these detrimental effects are reversible by increasing regulation and policy.

            Waste disposal like many major countries in the world, Brazil produces large amounts of solid waste, or garbage, which needs to be disposed of which poison the soil, air and water, which cause environmental degradation. Waste management in Brazil is lacking adequate financing and funding by the government although they are enjoying a steady population growth rate. Lawmakers and municipal authorities are taking initiative to develop their individual city’s waste management systems and this move has been steered by the lack of a large-scale law that manages the entire country’s waste materials (Johansen 25). Two-thirds of Brazilian municipalities use landfills to dispose of such toxic waste, which is causing the environment inability to sustain life, therefore the solution, could be use of recyclable goods and an education campaign to educate people on how to dispose of their garbage from both home and the workplaces responsibly.

Conclusion

Although Brazil is being faced by a number of environmental issues, the government is taking some measures to combat these concerns. It has a general advanced and broad legislation on environmental protection and sustainability. The Brazilian government is striving to safeguard its biomes and has developed strategies to impose definite policies for each biome and organize opportunities for the public to participate, institutional reforms of the forestry sector and the expansion of the biodiversity concept. For example, the policy to fight deforestation in the Amazon recently has been a success as indicated on the announcement of the gradual decrease in deforestation rates.

 

 

Works cited

Johansen, Bruce E. Indigenous Peoples and Environmental Issues: An Encyclopedia. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 2003. Print.

McAllister, Lesley K. Making Law Matter: Environmental Protection and Legal Institutions in Brazil. Stanford, Calif: Stanford Law Books, 2008. Print.

World Development Report 2010: Development and Climate Change. Washington, D.C: World Bank, 2009. Print.

 

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