Microeconomics

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Professor’s Name

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Date

Microeconomics

The theory of microeconomics focuses on the behavior that firms and people reflect in decision-making concerning the distribution of inadequate resources and the correlation between these entities. In the article, “Real Time Economics: The Labor Market is Tight, the Economy is Strong, and Companies are Raising Prices”, the author uses microeconomics to assess the rationale for the decisions implemented by the American labor and production sector in respect to the recruitment of employees, prices of commodities, and foreign imports. The evaluation illustrates that aspects of the theory such as the law of supply and demand and the firms’ need to maximize profits are responsible for the practical choices implemented in the local labor market and the economy as a whole.

One of the fascinating behaviors that the article assesses concerning the economy involves the shift in demand for prospective job applicants. Accordingly, employers in the present labor sector concentrate on the recruitment of candidates with a little emphasis on academic partialities and particular skill frameworks (para. 1). In this respect, the law of supply and demand can explain the mannerism. The rule in question establishes a correlation between a resource’s supply and the need/demand for the respective asset. In application, the low supply of high-quality candidates in the modern economy has necessitated an increase in demand for the remaining populace. As an outcome, firms are more likely to expend their financial resources in favor of attaining more recruits.

Another key behavior that the article illustrates is the increase in prices for goods. The costs of purchasing products such as beer, recreational vehicles, soda, and other commodities have risen as an outcome of the tariffs imposed on parts and metals (para. 3). From a microeconomic standpoint, the phenomenon is explainable. Since firms are inherently motivated to maximize profits and minimize costs, they are more likely to raise the prices of their products. The implementation of new sanctions has also forced firms to concentrate on tactics that allow them to attain marginal revenue due to the extra expenses incurred in the manufacturing of more product units. Regarding the situation, companies will increase the prices of the commodities they produce to match the marginal revenue for the realization of maximum profits.

Lastly, the periodical looks at China’s current trade sanctions, particularly on U.S. imports and the consequences of the Trump administration’s tariffs on steel imports. Arguably, American almond exporters have experienced a drop in the sale of almonds following the application of a 50 percent levy on similar imports by China (para. 5). Alternately, the article argues that the implementation of tariffs on Chinese exports has forced the country to engage in increased levels of importation (para. 6). Both situations reflect the impact of increased costs on production and their consequent effect on the economy. Increasing tariffs on steel imports from China forces American manufacturers to opt for less costly alternatives locally, further encouraging economic growth. Similarly, China’s sanctions on U. S. almond imports necessitate a focus on cheaper alternatives, which facilitate the country’s growth.

The article, “Real Time Economics: The Labor Market is Tight, the Economy is Strong, and Companies are Raising Prices,” is a reflection of the extent to which microeconomic theories inform decisions related to trade and production. For instance, the U. S. labor market’s focus on recruiting applicants without a consideration on constraints such as merit and experience illustrates the increased demand for employees and the low supply of similar yet high-quality resources for the aim of increasing production. Additionally, the rise in product prices shows the firms’ focus on the attainment of maximum profit by balancing marginal costs and marginal revenue. The imposition of trade tariffs on Chinese imports and American imports by the governments in question reflect the correlation between importation, exportation, and economic growth.

Works Cited

“Real Time Economics: The Labor Market is Tight, the Economy is Strong, and Companies are Raising Prices.” The Wall Street Journal, 30 Jul. 2018. https://blogs.wsj.com/economics/2018/07/30/real-time-economics-the-labor-market-is-tight-the-economy-is-strong-and-companies-are-raising-prices/. Accessed 3 Aug. 2018.

Doctor of Pharmacy

Doctor of Pharmacy

Student’s Name

Institutional Affiliation

Doctor of Pharmacy

The Doctor of Pharmacy allows people to pursue a career as a pharmacist. Before becoming a pharmacist, practitioners are required to sit for a licensure examination based on the requirements in their country. The degree represents an elevated sense of responsibility that the practitioner possesses within the healthcare system. The professional program requires applicants to engage in pre-professional coursework for three years. Practitioners must also complete the degree in four academic years. Individuals take approximately eight years to complete all examinations and acquire certification to practice pharmacy. Such medical experts are required within healthcare institutions and the local environment if the sector is to achieve its vision of health and well-being. Different people pursue the degree for various reasons. While the compensation offered in multiple countries may attract some applicants, others possess an undying desire for research and development based on the chemistry involved. A career in pharmacy is enjoyable and ensures that people attain a healthy lifestyle.

A person would choose a career in the pharmaceutical field because of the state of flexibility in its schedule. The occupation encourages the identification of a steady plan that will ensure that the achievement of a work-life balance. Other careers within a similar supply chain or emerging medicine often require practitioners to keep long, odd, and inflexible hours limiting their ability to pursue a work-life balance program or activity (Boyce & Lawson, 2009). The doctorate allows pharmacists to work in full or part-time positions with allowances for weekends. In some clinical settings, pharmacists may work overtime to complete filling prescriptions. However, this aspect does not affect their scheduling capabilities compared to practitioners who work in a research lab.

The doctorate in pharmacy encourages career development. Different disciplines allow practitioners to pursue the next step, which implies taking the necessary lessons and sitting for examinations to acquire certification. The opportunities for growth also contribute to the enrollment of more practitioners. The demand for research pharmacists is set to rise by 2022, creating an avenue for investment (Boyce & Lawson, 2009). For instance, the prevention and cure of ailments, discovery of contemporary medications, and extrapolation of the link between food, medicine, and genetics require advanced study. Such allowances expose a pharmacist to a myriad of experiences imparting them with professional and social skills that will offer them a competitive advantage.

The degree also offers sufficient compensation to practitioners. Different practitioners pursue various disciplines that necessitate these monetary rewards. Reports issued in multiple practitioner magazines identify that the average salary of a pharmacist is 116,700 dollars. However, this is contingent on the country of operation and the employer. The average income that pharmacists attain in other countries is more than the pay offered to practitioners in the United States. According to Boyce and Lawson (2009), pharmaceutical and manufacturing practitians receive an annual income of 124,480 dollars. However, most practitioners experience current loan debts limiting the uses of such compensations. Graduates start earning immediately after acquiring certification. In this respect, attractive salaries and safe working conditions comprise factors that influence people to pursue a Doctor of Pharmacy degree.

The courses employ differentiated modes of instruction. Institutions have accommodated the presence of information technology in learning by investing in online education. A person may pursue a doctorate in pharmacy because teaching may occur through electronic platforms. Additionally, the course possesses numerous online resources that facilitate interaction and connection with other practitioners. Learning is a process that may require people to evaluate credible and available information on the internet. Doctor of Pharmacy courses require practitioners to locate data and maintain an updated copy of the pharmaceutical field (Boyce & Lawson, 2009). Organizations such as the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists possess a robust online presence that aspiring participants can exploit. Furthermore, pharmaceutical information has its foundation on evaluated and affirmed evidence that allows practitioners to access relevant material.

Some people may pursue the doctorate in Pharmacy because they value patient interaction. One of the advantages of being a pharmacist is that a person has access to people from different lifestyles. Having direct access to patients ensures that they understand the uses and methods of application for different medications. Medication education among patients is possible with increased interaction that leads to overall health and well-being (Boyce & Lawson, 2009). Satisfaction in the recovery of patients may be one of the driving factors of pursuing the Doctor of Pharmacy degree. Additionally, it exempts practitioners from gore, a concept that is present in other disciplinary courses and careers. The Doctor of Pharmacy course prepares a practitioner to deal with minor health issues limiting their experience of horrifying sights.

The Doctor of Pharmacy degree creates an avenue for the emergence of pharmacists, who are respected people in different societies. The profession ensures that practitioners possess certifications that affirm their role in assisting people to stay healthy. Pharmacists maintain a significant level of responsibility to patients. The qualification also strengthens the relationships between the institutions and the community. This association is applicable in locations that possess a pharmacy making it easier to deliver quality services.

References

Boyce, E. G., & Lawson, L. A. (2009). Pre-professional curriculum in preparation for doctor of pharmacy educational programs. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 73(8), 155.

Indirect Speech Acts

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Indirect Speech Acts

The act carried out by creating a remark usually produces three speech acts. These actions comprise the illocutionary, locutionary, and perlocutionary acts. The only common factor between these acts is the speaker’s intent. Regardless of the disparities, the utterances exuded by a speaker must possess a specific motive to inspire the respective speech acts. The sentence, “it is dark outside,” illustrates the core differences that exist between illocutionary, locutionary, and perlocutionary acts despite the supporting intention.

Illocutionary acts are performed when generating utterances that possess a particular force. These expressions have a specific function. As such, illocutionary acts are functions carried out by articulating the utterance (“Speech Act”). Illustrations may include ordering, promising, stating, foreseeing, threatening, and promising. For instance, the sentence, “it is dark outside,” could imply that the speaker wants the recipient to stay indoors. The act possesses an intentional expression that the recipient must perform.

Locutionary acts are common acts of expression that are derived when an individual generates an utterance. The utterances derived from such acts are literal and do not possess any implications (“Speech Act”). For instance, the statement, “it is dark outside,” is a locutionary act. In this respect, a locutionary act comprises the plain meaning of an utterance conveyed by the words that constitute the expression. Moreover, the organizational structure of the words communicates the sentence’s basic connotation to the recipient.

Lastly, perlocutionary acts comprise the impacts of the expression on the recipient. Depending on the circumstances, the recipient may choose to interpret the meaning of the utterance in his or her own way (“Speech Act”). As such, the act in question constitutes the rejoinder that the hearer exhibits in respect to the speaker’s assertion. For example, the sentence, “it is dark outside,” may be construed as a warning, an authorization, an intimidation, or an irritation based on what the recipient interprets.

Acts performed by establishing utterances generate illocutionary, locutionary, and perlocutionary speech acts. Illocutionary acts are exhibited when the speaker makes an utterance with a certain function in mind. On the other hand, locutionary acts are basic actions derived from the literal meaning of an expression. Finally, perlocutionary acts involve the effects generated from the speaker’s utterance on the recipient as well as the response towards the expression depending on their interpretation.

Works Cited

“Speech Act.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 1 Aug. 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_act. Accessed 7 Aug. 2018.

Reflection

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Reflection

The placement at the Verbena Restaurant in the Burgenstock Resort has provided me with significant experience as far as the culinary profession is concerned. As a student, the concepts that are usually learned tend to be theoretical, and hence become the basis for the internship to be the platform for real-life application of such knowledge. Interestingly, some of the core  training that I received before my involvement with the Resort proved to be essential during this particular experience. It was possible to realize the extent to which aspects such as teamwork and cooperation assume an imperative role in the hospitality industry..

One of the key influences that derived the need for collaboration involved the busy nature of this business. Although my personal experiences in local and international culinary establishments  showed me this particular dimension, the setting at the Resort was significantly demanding and exhausting. Nonetheless, the construction of proper schedules, the balanced  allocation of duties, and cooperation with other novice and experienced chefs enabled my compliance with all obligations effectively. Consequently, the tasking nature of the setting at Burgenstock generated several values that proved instrumental during the placement. Active listening skills and cultural sensitivity were some of the strengths that I developed at the time of the internship. Other values include the desire to learn, dedication to quality, organizational skills, flexibility, reliability, and leadership, particularly in busy situations.

Despite these strengths and aptitudes that I gained from the placement, it also allowed me to recognize some of the areas that require improvement in the long-term. One particular field is the lack of adept upselling skills. Even though my personal experience is based on culinary skills, the placement emphasizes the consolidation of a well-rounded professional. Nonetheless, I expect to improve my skills in this field through training and instruction, which will primarily focus on the basics and the most effective approaches of upselling in restaurants. Presently, my primary goal is completing the Bachelor of Arts degree, which I expect to attain with full attendance of all classes, total participation in assignments and examinations, and my work with peers as well as instructors in order to earn  the necessary merits. 

Postpartum Hemorrhage

Postpartum Hemorrhage

Student Name

Institutional Affiliation

Postpartum Hemorrhage

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is usually delineated as loss of blood above 500 mL after vaginal conception and 1000mL after delivery via cesarean. Despite the developments evident in obstetrics, PPH is responsible for mortality and morbidity globally (Ekin et al., 2015). As such, efforts have been aimed at the implementation of effective management and prevention procedures. Foremost, the focus on these approaches necessitates an inclination towards the risk factors that expose women to grave incidences as far as PPH is concerned. The basis for this change in direction is associated with the increased incidents related to the disorder in numerous countries (Ekin et al., 2015). Understanding such factors may prove instrumental in augmenting interventions and protocols for averting PPH.

Risk factors comprise elements or susceptibility of a person that enhances the probability of an illness or an injury. Regarding PPH, Ekin et al. (2015) argue that specific characteristics or vulnerabilities expose women to severe primary PPH in comparison to populaces that do not possess such factors. However, studies centered on these factors, particularly the etiological role that they assume in respect to PPH, are minimal and limit approaches aimed at preventing and responding to severe cases (Ekin et al., 2015). Nonetheless, the respective study manages to establish specific predictors that can be applied in forecasting whether particular women are exposed to severe PPH. Women with a history of delivery by cesarean, engaged in oxytocin-enhanced pregnancies, prolonged labors, and emergency cesarean birth are more susceptible to severe PPH.

Alternately, limitations that restrict prevention of PPH have also been based on variations surrounding the definition of PPH. Generally, PPH has been delineated as blood loss over 500 mL after normal birth and 1000 mL after cesarean birth (Wilcox et al., 2017). Regarding this definition, the levels vary for PPH and severe PPH at 3 to 6 percent and 0.5 to 1 percent respectively (Ekin et al., 2015). These variations largely contribute to the management of PPH aside from information gaps regarding risk factors that enhance causation among the female populace. Aside from relying on the aspects above, Wilcox et al., (2017) advocates for the application of the Signaling a Postpartum Hemorrhage Emergency (SAPHE) Mat for accurate PPH diagnosis. Using a SAPHE Mat may prove efficient in management due to enhanced visual approximation of blood loss.

The concentration on risk factors and interventions such as the SAPHE Mat is an imperative step in developing interventions for preventing and managing PPH. However, this is not sufficient due to the numerous risk factors that women are exposed to during delivery as well as variations surrounding blood loss. In this respect, it is essential to develop a protocol for managing PPH. Establishing a protocol in hospitals and obstetric clinics for women that surpass the 500-1000 mL is imperative because it may offer early interventions for diagnosing and managing cases of PPH (D’Alton et al., 2017). In fact, a standardized protocol will lead to the improvement of patient outcomes by assessing and observing PPH patients, informing and organizing a multifaceted group, and proposing treatment channels (D’Alton et al., 2017).

Postpartum hemorrhage is a key causative factor of obstetric mortality and morbidity in countries across the globe. Even though PPH is based on blood loss exceeding 500 mL and 1000 mL in vaginal birth and cesarean delivery respectively, variations affect management and prevention since normal deliveries tend to provide such estimations. Nonetheless, understanding risk factors that assume an etiological responsibility in causation as well as the application of measures such as the SAPHE Mat may prove essential in managing cases that involve PPH. Lastly, the implementation of standardized in-house protocols may constitute interventions that enhance patient outcomes in the long-term.

References

D’Alton, M. E., Cohen, J. S., Weinstein, D. L., Dweck, M. F., & Kober, S. (2017). Best practices in the management and treatment of postpartum hemorrhage. Retrieved from http://www.contemporaryobgyn.net/article/best-practices-management-and-treatment-postpartum-hemorrhage.

Ekin, A., Gezer, C., Solmaz, U., Taner, C. E., Dogan, A., & Ozeren, M. (2015). Predictors of severity in primary postpartum hemorrhage. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 292, 1247-1254.

Wilcox, L., Ramprasad, C., Gutierrez, A., Oden, M., Richards-Kortum, R., Sangi-Haghpeykar, H., & Gandhi, M. (2017). Diagnosing postpartum hemorrhage: A new way to assess blood loss in a low-resource setting. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 21, 516-523.

Terrorism

Terrorism

Student Name

Institutional Affiliation

Terrorism

The insufficient response by America and Western state actors to the shifts of global forces and the sociopolitical failings across the Arab and Middle Eastern region have guaranteed the continued disposition of terrorism as a national and global threat. In fact, it has been difficult to establish adequate responses aimed at confronting the issue because of its present complexities that are attributed significantly to the opportunities offered by globalization. Terrorism is a transnational phenomenon due to the manner in which terrorists and terror cells have managed to disrupt conventional borders and organizational lines. In this respect, terrorism has evolved into an occupation performed by diverse and well-structured groups rather than small networks of persons and constantly dynamic factions. In addition, the disruption of national borders has complicated the determination of responsibility for those liable for terrorist activities. Despite efforts aimed at the implementation of strategies that focus considerably on the Arab and Middle Eastern regions, terrorism is an undeniable global threat that encapsulates all regions. Terrorism in the contemporary age must be challenged with flexible, all-around rejoinders that intentionally and efficiently utilize platforms of globalization to initiate any restrictive effects.

Terrorism has evolved into a significant issue for the global community. Statistics from the beginning of 2006 to the conclusion of 2009 revealed that more than 60 percent of states across the globe experienced some form of terrorist assault (Wilkinson, 2017). In addition to this, countries such as Colombia, Afghanistan, Iraq, India, Pakistan, Nepal, Israel, Russia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Somalia experienced more than 1000 attacks within the period in question with the worst being Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan (Wilkinson, 2017). The supposition that terrorism was limited to specific areas has since been discarded considering the extent to which terrorists have managed to implement transnational operations hence placing countries across the globe at risk of attack. In addition to this, the continued efforts of the United States and its Western allies towards controlling insurgency have been met with negative repercussions as demonstrated by the losses that the armed forces from these countries have incurred (Wilkinson, 2017). The notion that the War on Terror was successful and effective in reducing terrorism is presently incorrect and necessitates further investigation regarding the extent to which the menace has managed to evolve into an unrestricted international force.

The continued threat of terrorism towards countries across the globe has been attributed to the prospects offered by international forces. Firstly, the flexibility of border controls to enable trade and tourism especially in areas such as Europe has acted as a convenient platform for transportation for terrorists and their collaborators (Onwudiwe, 2018). Terrorism has evolved into a threat capable of exhibiting an international reach. The capacity to engage in globetrotting by nomadic terrorists has resulted in the development of expedient factions that are a significant aspect of global terrorism (Kaya & Erdemir, 2008). For instance, the clique responsible for the attacks on the World Trade Center in the United States was essentially non-existent before its core affiliates traveled and united for the execution of the respective assault (Onwudiwe, 2018). The fact that these terrorists were unaffiliated with any faction, militia, or junta when arriving in the United States highlights how the simple excursion of disgruntled and malcontent individuals can lead to the creation of terror groups regardless of regular security checks and assessments performed across international boundaries.

Terrorism has managed to expand its presence globally via the development of transnational structures. An excellent example of this is The Hezbollah – a Shi’a Islamic junta from Lebanon – which currently has a presence in six continents. However, other terrorist organizations have managed to establish their bases from the regions where the Lebanese junta’s objectives and criticisms are concentrated (Guelke, 2016). Some of these groups comprise the Tamil Tigers of Sri Lanka and Palestine’s Hamas, which have managed to cause destruction and death within these regions respectively. Based on these illustrations, the structures established by terror groups have facilitated the extension of their attacks by providing more geographical alternatives. An example is the group of bombings performed by the Hezbollah in the city of Buenos-Aires, Argentina in the 1990s against targets associated with the Israeli government (Guelke, 2016). The terror cabals that inhabit foreign regions settle in these areas to exploit civil freedoms, transportation, social services, and communications (Kaya & Erdemir, 2008). It is impossible to ignore the extent to which the disruption of controls in the former USSR influenced the development of global trends that could be manipulated by transnational terrorism.

The increased movements by terrorists and the multiplication of terror cells have destroyed organizational lines. Terrorism has evolved into an activity implemented by divergent and structured groups instead of networks in the globalized community. Usually, these cells tend to be comprised of members that possess different nationalities as well as associations with a variety of groups (Cronin, 2001). To complicate the issue further, these members and groups collaborate with other predominantly in the production of falsified manuscripts, moving operatives, and documents, and thus conceal the nature of their operations (Wilkinson, 2017). However, terrorism’s capacity to affect the entire world and function on an international level is illustrated by the facilitative impact of advancements in information and communication technologies. Devices such as satellite phones have become prominent among the leaders of terrorist groups because these gadgets allow them to initiate attacks across foreign regions without revealing their exact locations (Wilkinson, 2017). The Internet has also been utilized for long distance operations with larger terror cells using it for the dissemination of propaganda to their sympathizers.

The internationalized level of terrorism necessitates the application of responses that are adaptable, multifaceted, and can exploit the prospects offered by globalization. The key here is to implement approaches that function in the same transnational manner that terrorists operate. The strategy extends beyond aspects such as law enforcement or legal authority as far as reach is concerned. For instance, the United States has implemented extraterritorial jurisdiction regarding terrorist crimes over the last two decades, and its intelligence agencies have operated consistently on a global level (Cronin, 2001). Indeed, a globalized counterterrorist measure will necessitate collaboration with international partners for the deployment of aggressive interventions against terrorists. Counterterrorist interventions can establish the entire global area as a high-threat region to limit terrorists from moving to low-threat areas (Nacos, 2016). Consequently, the objective of these measures should comprise the disruption of transnational terrorist structures, which will obstruct international terrorists before they organize or attempt to implement their attacks (Nacos, 2016). If measures against terrorism were to be internationalized, the focus would shift towards entertaining a broad outlook in organizing defensive interventions against this threat.

Terrorism has evolved into a complex phenomenon with a reach across all countries. Despite the efforts implemented in the War on Terror by the United States and its allies, terrorists have managed to attack countries across the globe without being traditionally restricted to politically volatile areas such as the Arab and Middle Eastern regions. Presently, global terrorism has been facilitated by the opportunities offered by international forces. Attempts at encouraging trade and tourism have relaxed border controls hence furthering the movement of terrorists and distinct terror groups across different regions. Terrorists have also been capable of establishing their cells in foreign lands away from their historical homelands, thus allowing them to implement attacks on foreign soil and simultaneously evading capture. Innovations in communication and information technology have also facilitated terrorism’s reach without necessitating the physical presence of the perpetrating actors. To control the threat, the focus should shift towards devising and implementing flexible, versatile, and globalized interventions. These measures will focus on upsetting terrorist infrastructures and decreasing the deployment of terrorists to low-threat areas.

References

Cronin, A. K. (2001). Behind the curve: Globalization and international terrorism. International Security, 27(3), 30-58.

Guelke, A. (2016). The new age of terrorism and the international political system. London: I.B. Tauris.

Kaya, N. C., & Erdemir, A. (2008). Social dynamics of global terrorism and prevention policies. Washington, DC: IOS Press.

Nacos, B. L. (2016). Terrorism and counterterrorism. New York, NY: Routledge.

Onwudiwe, I. D. (2018). The globalization of terrorism. New York, NY: Routledge.

Wilkinson, P. (2017). Terrorism versus democracy: The liberal state response. New York, NY: Routledge.

Contributing to Kenya’s Economic Growth & Social Development

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Contributing to Kenya’s Economic Growth & Social Development

Education has always been considered a crucial factor for the economic growth and social development of a country. The United Nations recently affirmed access to schooling as a pertinent aspect of its Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), which are expected to come to fruition in 2020. Interestingly enough, these goals complement the Kenyan government’s current objectives, which are centered on achieving economic growth by 2030. However, since the youth constitute the largest percentage of the country’s 40 million strong population, such objectives will not be achieved in due time without a focus on ensuring the availability of literacy opportunities for the youth. I believe that education can enhance these aims due to the impact is has on the nation’s economic growth and social development.

Firstly, education’s impact on economic growth is based on its effect on human capital. In this context, human capital refers to the potential talent that can be exploited by an economy. As a student, I believe that my education will enable me to contribute more to the Kenyan economy as it will equip me with enhanced skills and aptitudes. With the knowledge that I will attain from my education, I will be able to function in a more significant capacity and engage in productive work. As a result, my skills will provide organizations with a higher level of yield and efficiency. Furthermore, my qualifications achieved through education will establish me as an appealing candidate to be recruited by companies seeking to contribute to the society’s well-being whilst simultaneously maximizing profit.

Aside from contributing to the country’s economy, the knowledge I acquire in my education will allow me to add to the country’s social development through transformative impacts on the economy. The rationale for this strategy is based on the correlation between education and economic growth. Being knowledgeable will create opportunities for developing resources aimed at social development through economic means such as private incomes or enhanced taxation. In this respect, issues such as female empowerment, poverty, and access to health may be positively impacted since they constitute key indicators of the country’s social health. In addition, education will equip me with ethical knowledge that can be used to build behaviors inculcated with the values of honesty and integrity, which is essential considering the current amount of corruption in Kenya.

Lastly, the contribution of my education to economic growth and social development can be illustrated by the creation of a moralistic and innovative-based Kenyan society. Presently, millions of Kenyans are unemployed, resulting in the country’s low economic growth rate. High levels of unemployment have also been linked to vices such as crime, further stunting the society. With education, I can focus on creating platforms that allow unemployed persons to engage in self-sustaining activities rather than depend on the government for financial assistance. Furthermore, I can liaise with not-for-profit groups that focus on assisting the unemployed youth to avoid engaging in crime and other harmful practices. These strategies may have an upward effect on the economy and improve social development to some extent.

The Kenyan government has initiated plans aimed at transforming the country into a mid-sized economy. However, these plans have neglected the fundamental role that education plays in the growth of an economy while simultaneously endorsing social development. If I am given the opportunity to apply what I have learned, I will be able to make an impact on both spectrums by generating productive results via the aptitudes that I have gained. Consequently, I will be able to devise plans to improve social development, hence alleviating problems in areas such as health, poverty and female empowerment, which affects most Kenyans. I will also be able to create platforms that enhance self-sufficiency among unemployed youth hence contributing to the country’s economy and social development in the long run.

CMMS 1811 A2: The Effects of Agriculture on Carbon Emission Statistics

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CMMS 1811 A2:  The Effects of Agriculture on Carbon Emission Statistics

            Modern agricultural practices are characterized by the use of technology and scientific innovations to increase the crop yield needed to meet the growing demand for food by burgeoning global population. These contemporary farming activities are developed to fulfill the goal of obtaining the highest possible yields and maximum achievable profit.  The new practices are exemplified by intensive tillage, genetic manipulation of plant crops, monoculture, chemical pest control, irrigation, and the application of inorganic fertilizers to attain these objectives. These farming approaches have been established to be counter-productive because of the adverse effects they present to the environment and by extension, to human health  and wellbeing. Unlike modern agricultural methods, subsistence methods are based on mixed farming measures typified by intercropping, and biological control of pests and diseases. These conventional methods are incredibly beneficial to the environment and society due to these  characteristics. The global agricultural industry and food system, which comprises  of sectors such as fertilizer manufacturing, food packaging, and storage, involves activities that are harmful and degenerative to natural surroundings. Intensive modern-day industrial farming methods  contribute  to  one-third of all the anthropogenic sources of greenhouse gas emissions.

            The unfavorable impacts of global warming and climate change are well documented and witnessed in various parts of the world. Accordingly, these consequences have manifested as violent and erratic weather patterns, floods, droughts and famines, and rising sea levels.  The methods used in the contemporary agriculture  also cause an increase  in the emission of greenhouse gases such as methane for enteric fermentation, soil nitrification, and denitrification, and manure decomposition. The production of food is related directly to industries such as fertilizer production, transportation, and food processing, packaging, and storage – sectors that are involved in activities that form  sources of harmful discharges (Cleary 34). Indeed, the quest to satisfy the global need for food at a maximum profit is destroying the environment by contributing significantly to greenhouse gases emissions. The existence of alternative, effective, sustainable farming methods illustrates that people and societies are responsible for promoting a destructive food system that threatens their survival and subsistence in the long term (FAO 125).  Despite the existence of better alternative farming methods,. the use of harmful agricultural practices to gratify the universal food demand does not justify the destruction of the environment.  

            The argument that food security is more important than environmental sustainability is ill-informed and based on skewed evidence that is contrary to the undesirable impacts of climate change and global warming.  In fact, the assurance of human health, wellbeing, and survival is heavily reliant on food security which in turn depends on environmental sustainability (Vermeulen, Campbell, and Ingram 216). A continued increase in the emission of greenhouse gases will result in climate change characterized by unpredictable weather patterns that render current food production methods ineffective. Healthy human life is  of paramount importance, but it  should be attained  through sustainable means that address immediate food concerns and secure potential for continued production in the future.  Moreover, it is also important to acknowledge the irrationality of environmental destruction since food production is tied to ecological sustainability (Thornton 398). In this respect, people are responsible for ensuring that the fulfillment of current global food demand does not undermine the survival and existence of future generations. Continued high-level emission of greenhouse gases will destroy the environment making it inhabitable for animal and plant life.

            Practices and processes involved in modern-day agriculture contribute significantly to carbon emission statistics. Research evidence from the Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research (CGIAR) by Vermeulen, Campbell, and Ingram (202) demonstrates  that the current food system and agricultural practices are unsustainable. Activities in the food system that are excellent examples of how farming procedures  affect the level of greenhouse releases are the fertilizer manufacturing industry and food production (Cleary 24). Fertilizer production and refrigeration processes contribute up to 575 and 500 megatons on average of greenhouse gases respectively. Agricultural production is  the most significant contributor  to greenhouse gas (GHS) emissions since it  releases 86% or 12,000 megatons of all agrarian sources of GHS. FAO (132) uses research evidence gathered and corroborated by various similar studies from different parts of the world to conclude that current farming approaches degrade and deplete the environment. Modern-day practices assume a considerable role in biodiversity loss,  human health risks , and climate change.

            Agricultural practices affect carbon emission statistics due to the role they assume in the release of greenhouse gases. Components such as tillage, enteric fermentation, and the decomposition of manure have been credited for these releases. The continued destruction of the environment cannot be vindicated by the immediate need to satisfy the world’s demand for food. The argument that environmental sustainability is not tied to food security is misinformed and founded on distorted evidence that seems opposite to the destructive impacts of climate change witnessed across the globe. Without concentrating on measures aimed at conserving the environment, it will be impossible to implement measures that improve food production in the long-term. Assuring people’s sustainable potential to produce enough food will depend on their ability to conserve the environment by striking a sustainable balance for mutual benefit.

Works Cited

Cleary, David. “Deconstructing Sustainable Intensification and Issues around Sustainability Metrics.” n. d., www.nature.org/science-in-action/sciemce-features/david-cleary-critique.pdf. Accessed 25 Jul. 2018.

Food and Agriculture Organization. Climate Change and Food Systems: Global assessments and Implications for Food Security and Trade. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2015.

Thornton, Philip K. “Recalibrating Food Production in the Developing World: Global Warming Will Change More Than Just the Climate.” CCAFS Policy Brief, no. 6, 2012, pp. 391-411.

Vermeulen, Sonja J., Bruce M. Campbell, and John S. I. Ingram. “Climate Change and Food Systems.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources, vol. 37, 2012, pp. 195-222.

The Civil Rights Movement

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The Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement was a crucial moment in America’s history. With issues pertaining to racism and discrimination, especially of African Americans, the Movement initiated protests and actions that eventually altered the status of the respective community. Even though African Americans can presently live in a racially equal society, the present situation seems to warrant further action locally and globally.

The key issues that the Civil Rights Movement addressed mostly involved racial inequality and discrimination. Through edicts such as the Jim Crow Laws, African Americans were segregated and treated as second-class citizens (Bardes, Shelley, and Schmidt 56). The idea of being “separate but equal” only limited the community from gaining suffrage especially in exercising their democratic rights. Additionally, African Americans were exposed to structural discrimination in organizations and public facilities.

The impact of the Civil Rights Movement can be felt by the rights that African Americans can exercise. For instance, the abolition of voter-qualification assessments, literacy tests, and poll taxes laid the foundation that African Americans would use to attain voting rights (Bardes, Shelley, and Schmidt 87). In addition, the passage of laws such as the 1964 Civil Rights Act outlawed racial discrimination hence allowing African Americans and all minorities to gain employment, housing, and function as members of the American society.

Despite the strides made due to the Movement’s impact, African Americans still face discrimination, specifically institutionalized racism. A good illustration of this is the mass imprisonment of black males in American prisons (Bardes, Shelley, and Schmidt 167). African Americans have also been subjected to prejudicial treatment by police organizations due to protocols such as racial profiling that have so far resulted in the deaths of numerous innocent African Americans.

Indeed, the Civil Rights Movement established a considerable impact on the treatment of African Americans. The effect has since been illustrated by the minorities’ capacity to exercise their voting privileges, attain employment, access public facilities, housing, and resources in an equal manner. However, such groups are susceptible to institutionalized racism locally and internationally as evidenced by diminished levels of progress among minorities. To this end, if civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. were present today, they would continue to push forward for absolute equality.

Works Cited

Bardes, Barbara A., Mack C. Shelley, and Steffen W. Schmidt. American Government and Politics Today: The Essentials. Wadsworth/Cengage Learning, 2017.

Moral Courage Assignment

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Moral Courage Assignment

In the early 20th century, women were not heavily involved in the aviation sector due to gender roles, which were somewhat patriarchal at the time. An excellent example of this is Blanche Stuart Scott and her pertinent involvement in the sector. Blanche Stuart Scott changed these notions due to the impact that she imposed on the fight for gender equality. In fact, one of the ways in which she displayed moral courage in her fight against gender discrimination in aviation was when she became one of the first women to fly solo in an airplane, specifically the Curtiss plane. Expressing her desire to be a pilot, Scott asked Glenn Curtiss for flight instructions, but he was unwilling to do so because he believed that aviation was designed strictly for men (Archer 14-15). Despite this bias, Scott flew solo in a “heavier-than-air” aircraft hence becoming one of the first women to fly in the United States.

Moral courage involves merely engaging in actions for a moralistic or ethical objective despite the risk of negative repercussions. For a person to exercise moral courage, he or she must display valor to implement an action that other people doubt or fear due to the perceived consequences. Blanche Stuart Scott expressed moral courage because she was able to convince the world that women can also fly. From 1910, women in the United States overcame numerous prejudices to participate in aviation (Archer 14). As such, her decision to fly was met with discriminatory reluctance, especially with the way aircraft at the time weighed more than the air they dislodged. Despite the adverse repercussions that she faced, Scott was courageous enough to fly such an aircraft while receiving basic flight instruction that was somewhat insufficient for a person who possessed little experience regarding aviation. Therefore, she was able to display moral courage and prove that women can fly.

Works Cited

Archer, Susan Kelly. “A Woman’s Place is…on the Flightline.” International Journal of Business Science, vol. 5, no. 9, 2014, pp. 14-20.